The Newfoundland

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Weight: 100 — 150 lbs
Height: 26” — 28”
AKC Rank 2008 #44
Lifespan: 8—10 yrs
Group Working
Origin Canada

Dog Breed Info - The Newfoundland

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Breed Overview

Origin: 1700’s. All-purpose water dog, fishing aid. Today, water rescue. Drools a lot. This is a large, heavily-boned dog, strong enough to pull a drowning man from a rough ocean, and imposing enough to make a good guard dog.

The breed goes back to the Tibetan Mastiff. The original dogs were found along the coast of Newfoundland. This breed is an all-purpose water dog that can haul heavy fishing nets and other equipment and can perform as well in cold water as on land. They work as draft and pack dogs too. These dogs have saved many people from drowning in the frigid ocean. This is one of the more popular of the large breeds, especially in colder climates. The AKC registered the breed in 1979..


Yes, easy to train, especially in anything to do with water rescue or rescue in general. The breed is quite smart and responds very well to clicker training and positive reinforcement.

Crate Training

Want to crate train your Newfie puppy? It's easy and if you're interested, take a look and you'll see what to do. Crate training your puppy will save many headaches and problems.

Potty Training

The Newfoundland puppy is usually pretty easy to house train, potty train, toilet train, housebreak or whatever you want to call it. If you have a puppy, decide if you want to crate or paper potty train it. For the best results, we have a page at Crate vs Paper Potty Training which will help you decide and from there you can get all the information you need to get the job done. Always praise the pup profusely when she goes potty in the RIGHT PLACE so she knows she has done a good thing. Either method will work for this breed.

If you have an older dog, take the dog outside every two hours until she gets the idea which door leads to her potty area. Older dogs catch on to the potty or housebreaking pretty fast once they are shown what to do.

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They have a very sweet temperament which they are known for. The breed is calm and patient. They are friendly, easy going giants and can become a friend to everyone. If it’s family is threatened, however, it can act protectively. This fine dog needs daily exercise to stay fit.

If you happen to get a Newfie puppy with a separation anxiety problem, that can be dealt with by investing a few hours of work on your part and some "tough love."

Friendly Toward Other Dogs

Yes. He gets along with just about anyone and everything. This is not an aggressive dog. They have few enemies.

Friendly Toward Other Pets

Yes. Does very well with the whole household.

Friendly Toward Strangers

Yes. Loves people. Bring on the relatives and neighbors. This is a real companion.


Yes, as playful as a big dog can be! Be careful not to get this fellow too worked up and rambunctious, as his weight could do harm.


Yes! Very affectionate. The Newfoundland excels here. This is a calm, quiet, laid-back dog that loves his people and shows it. The breed is known for their affection and loyalty to family.

Good with children?

Yes. Caution with very small children. The Newfoundland is a big, heavy dog and could cause harm to very small children by accident. The dog drools a lot and some kids might not like that.

Good with Seniors over 65?

No. Too big for a senior to handle and get to a vet.

Living environment

House with medium size fenced yard is ideal where the dog can play vigorous games of fetch for exercise.

The Newfie needs a cool climate. Can NOT be in warm, humid climate. Temperate to cold and dry okay.

Farm or ranch are good too.


Energy level


Exercise needs, daily

Moderate. Two good walks on leash are needed for the Newfoundland. This dog loves to swim, especially in cold water.


Somewhat. They seldom bark, but will alert if the danger is great enough

Guard dog

Yes, they will protect family and property. They are not overly aggressive though. Their size alone might ward off some intruders.


Yes, some. Newfoundland's are not known to be hard on allergy suffers though.


Must be brushed with a firm bristle brush two to three times a week, otherwise the coat will tangle. They have a double coat that can mat easily.



Suggested Reading For The Newfoundland
Click on the cover photos for more book information and reviews.

3rd book from the left is "50 Games To Play With Your Dog." This is a good book that offers a variety of simple, easy to teach challenges for your dog to have fun and get mental exercise at the same time. We've had a lot of fun with this book.

The book on the right is by the American National Red Cross and deals with dog emergencies, illnesses and injuries. It's a valuable reference manual for all dog owners and should be kept ready and available for the unforeseen. You get Vol 2 and includes a DVD.


Newfoundland Breeders

In the event you decide to go looking for Newfoundland puppies, be SURE to find reputable breeders that really know what they are doing. Be sure the puppy has been well socialized and started in obedience training.
Newfoundland Breeders with puppies for sale. If you don't find what you need here, go online and see if there are other Newfoundland Breeders you can access.

Newfoundland Rescue

In the event you are seriously considering the adoption of an older dog and are looking for a Newfoundland Rescue group or groups in your state, here are several links that might help:
Petfinder - Newfoundland Rescue - (Nationwide) At this time, there are only 185 available Newfies listed in the USA by Go online and search for Newfoundland Rescue or kennels. If you do adopt one, try to locate the dog health records and save for possible future reference.
Adopt A Pet This is an interesting site but you might have to check your local newspapers for kennels and foster homes as well as dog breed rescue groups. Newfoundland Rescue is what you want to ask for.

Dog Health Issues For The Newfoundland
Below are the dog illness / illnesses or medical problems listed for the Newfie by various vets.

This is basically a healthy breed. Don’t let the list below scare you! Your own dog will probably never have ANY of these problems. These are dog illness and medical problems this breed is prone to that have been listed by various veterinarians at different times over the past decade or so and some pertain to puppies and very young dogs that a breeder would deal with.

The information contained herein has been gathered from numerous books by veterinarians and is intended as general information only. Every dog and situation is different. You must see your vet. Our information is for general interest only and not intended to replace the advice provided by your own veterinarian.

Other health problems could occur with your Newfoundland. If you notice any problems with your dog, take it to the vet immediately. This website is for general information only and is not intended to, in any way, be a medical guide.


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