The Beauceron
'Berger de Beauce'

descriptive textDog breed info
Berger de Beauce
Weight: 65 — 85 lbs
Height: 24” — 27”
AKC Rank 2008 #137
Avg Life: 10—12 yrs
Group: Herding
Origin: France

Dog Breed Info - The Beauceron

Magnificent Beauceron with ears flapping in the wind.
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Breed Overview

Origin: 1500’s. Original Function: Herder, Guardian. Today: Herding, Guardian, Police.

Originally there were two kinds of sheep herding dogs, a long and short coat version. The long coat version was known as the Briard. The short coat was named the Beauceron. By the late 1800’s the breed had established a standard for itself. Additional breeding produced a strain that was the breed known today that is a quiet and gentle dog around people yet a powerful watch and guard dog. This is a highly versatile breed and is used by the military, police, herding and a number ot activities in Europe. The dog was originally used in areas around Paris, France on farms to drive livestock and as guard dogs but later served in both World Wars. The breed was finally registered in 2007.


Very trainable breed. Training seems to come naturally to this dog. Include clicker training and positive reinforcement training and you'll have one well educated dog! And, it';s so simple to do!

Potty Training

Beauceron puppies are easy to house train, potty train, toilet train, housebreak or whatever you want to call it. If you have a puppy, decide if you want to crate or paper potty train it. For the best results, we have a page at Crate vs Paper Potty Training which will help you decide and from there you can get all the information you need to get the job done. Always praise the pup profusely when she goes potty in the RIGHT PLACE so she knows she has done a good thing. Either method will work for this breed.

If you have an older dog, take the dog outside every two hours until she gets the idea which door leads to her potty area. Older dogs catch on to the potty or housebreaking pretty fast once they are shown what to do.



This is first a herding dog and all else is secondary. The Beauceron is a loyal, alert, patient and calm family pet that gets along with most children, especially if raised with them. As a big, powerful dog with high energy, the dog needs plenty of outdoor exercise and mental stimulation to keep fit and calm. This dog loves obedience training which is a good exercise for him. Training should start at 4 weeks and continue his entire life in the form of practice sessions. This is a very loyal breed, always trying to please his master and family members but he must be kept at the bottom of the alpha chain at all times or he’ll try to dominate the family. And, as a herding dog, he will try to herd children from room to room.

This is a family dog. You can’t tie him up in the yard and walk away for the day. He needs human companionship. Some time in the yard is fine, but not for long stretches. They do suffer separation anxiety when left too long alone.

The Beauceron is not a dog for everyone. Don’t get this dog unless you are able to devote the extensive time needed to TRAIN and EXERCISE the dog every day on a regular basis.

If you happen to get a Beauceron with a separation anxiety problem, that can be dealt with by investing a few hours of work on your part and some "tough love."


Friendly Toward Other Dogs

No. Doesn’t trust strange dogs.

Friendly Toward Other Pets

Somewhat... can usually mix with other pets in the family, especially if raised with them.

Friendly Toward Strangers

No. Reserved and doesn’t trust strangers. It’s his guardian instinct.


Somewhat playful for a big dog. Certainly will chase a ball or stick.


Moderately affectionate, as big dogs are.

Good with children?

Yes, especially older, well mannered kids. Even better if the dog is raised with the kids. The breed is fairly tolerant as long as the kids are not too rambunctious and noisy.

Good with Seniors over 65?

No. This breed needs too much exercise and ongoing training.

Living environment

House, farm, ranch. A medium to large fenced yard would be ideal for this dog as a place to chase a ball and play fetch for exercise for the Beauceron.


Energy level

High. Active, alert, born to run and chase animals over the landscape.

Exercise needs, daily

High. With the Beau, you've got a jogging partner! Or, Several long walks and some hardy play time each day would work too.

Without adequate exercise the Beauceron will become bored and destructive.


Excellent. It’s in his blood.

Guard dog

Excellent. The Beauceron does police work among other things.


Sheds some.


Brush twice weekly to remove dead hair, especially if shedding. Besides, the dog will appreciate the extra attention.


Beauceron Breeders

In the event you decide to go looking for Beauceron puppies, be SURE to find reputable breeders that really know what they are doing. Be sure the puppy has been well socialized and started in obedience training.
Beauceron Breeders with puppies for sale. There are not very many breeders. Try a search online for more. This is a hard-to-find breed.

Beauceron Rescue

In the event you are seriously considering the adoption of an older dog and are looking for a Beauceron Rescue group in your area, here's a link that might help:
Petfinder - Beauceron Rescue - Nationwide) As I write this, Petfinder is showing only 11 dogs available to adopt in the entire USA. That's subject to change, of course. Go online and search for Beauceron Rescue groups or clubs as there may be more out there.

Dog Health Issues For The Beauceron
Below are the dog illness / illnesses or medical problems listed for the Beauceron by various vets.

This is basically a healthy breed. Don’t let the list below scare you! Your own dog will probably never have ANY of these problems. These are dog illness and medical problems this breed is prone to that have been listed by various veterinarians at different times over the past decade or so and some pertain to puppies and very young dogs that a breeder would deal with.

The information contained herein has been gathered from numerous books by veterinarians and is intended as general information only. Every dog and situation is different. You must see your vet. Our information is for general interest only and not intended to replace the advice provided by your own veterinarian.

  • Hip dysplasia - Hind end limping, back leg acts lame. Wear and time causes the femur to fit poorly into the pelvic socket with improper rotation causing great pain and difficulty walking. You may notice the dog “hopping”” like a rabbit when running plus hesitating to climb stairs, all due to pain in the hind quarters. The problem actually starts as a very young puppy with an abnormal formation of the hip joint and grows progressively. A vet can locate this with a diagnostics test.

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy—(PRA) An inherited, untreatable disease of the retina affecting both eyes causing blindness. It’s in the genes of the dog and is not painful. Starts with night blindness and progresses as the retina gradually deteriorates.

  • Gastric Torsion—Sometimes called Dog Bloat or “Twisted stomach.” Mainly in larger, deep-cheated dogs. Here's a brief description of the problem:
    Symptoms include excessive drooling, nervous pacing, agitation, weakness, attempt to vomit, bulging stomach area, heavy breathing, retching and gagging, shock or total collapse.

  • Entropion—Eye irritation caused by the eyelids and lashes rolling inward. The problem is usually inherited and found in the young or adult Beauceron. It can come from an eyelid spasm. Affected eyes will be held partially shut and tear excessively. Both eyes will usually be affected the same. Treatment for the condition requires eye surgery.

  • Ectropion—A hereditary medical problem. The lower eyelid grows outward leaving a gap between the eye and the eyelid. Excessive tearing and conjunctivitis are common signs of the disease but some dogs will have no symptoms. Blunt trauma and/or nerve damage can also cause the problem. If the cornea becomes damaged or if the conjunctivitis becomes chronic, surgery will be necessary.

Other health problems could occur with your Beauceron. If you notice any problems with your dog, take it to the vet immediately. This website is for general information only and is not intended to, in any way, be a medical guide.


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