The Black And Tan Coonhound

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Black And Tan Coonhound
American Black and Tan Coonhound
Weight: 55 — 75 lbs
Height: 23” — 27”
AKC Rank 2008 #
Lifespan: 10—12 yrs
Group Hound
Origin: United States

Dog Breed Info—Black And Tan Coonhound

A Black and Tan Hound Profile
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Breed Overview

Origin: 1700’s. Original function: Hunting raccoon. Today: Night trials, Hunting raccoon, deer, mountain lion, bear and other big game, according to the AKC. Color: Black and Tan.

The Black and Tan was excluded from the 2008 AKC lineup due to the inclusion of the breed into the Coonhound studbook. “It would have ranked 42nd” according to the American Kennel Club.

The Black and Tan Coonhound probably came from crosses with the Bloodhound and Fox Hounds, in particular, the Black and Tan Virginia Fox Hound. The Black and Tan developed most in the Appalachian, Blue Ridge and Ozark Mountains where these dogs were used to hunt raccoon and bear over rugged terrain. When the game is treed, such as a raccoon, the dog will bay until the hunter comes and shoots it. The AKC registered the breed in 1945. The Black and Tan has remained more popular as a hunting dog than a show dog or family pet. The United Kennel Club holds night hunts where “coon hounds” such as the Black and Tan, Blue tick, Redbone, Plott and English Coonhounds compete.


Not all dogs of a breed learn the same. Some Black and Tan’s learn quite well while others are stubborn and slow learners. Use patience and clicker training with positive reinforcement. Keep training sessions short and interesting, always upbeat and fun for the dog. Be firm, consistent and kind but always with an aloha-leader attitude.. This breed must know he belongs at the submissive end of the hierarchy.

Crate Training

Want to crate train your Coonhound puppy? It's easy and if you're interested, take a look and you'll see what to do. Crate training your puppy will save many headaches and problems.

Potty Training

The Black and Tan is a little hard to house train, potty train, toilet train, housebreak or whatever you want to call it. Some are a bit slow to catch on.. If you have a puppy, decide if you want to crate or paper potty train it. For the best results, we have a page at Crate vs Paper Potty Training which will help you decide and from there you can get all the information you need to get the job done. Always praise the pup profusely when she goes potty in the RIGHT PLACE so she knows she has done a good thing. Either method will work for this breed

If you have an older dog, take the dog outside every two hours until she gets the idea which door leads to her potty area. Older dogs catch on to the potty or housebreaking pretty fast once they are shown what to do.



The Black and Tan Coonhound makes a good house pet, as the breed is generally friendly, calm, mellow and polite indoors. But when this dog goes outdoors, his strong hunting instincts rise to the top and his nose goes to the ground and he is ready for the first scent that comes along. Once this dog gets on the track of prey, it is impossible to distract him. This is a strong, independent dog with a stubborn streak when on the hunt. However, the Black and Tan is tolerant with children yet reserved, even wary of strangers.

The Black and Tan Coonhound needs an owner who is consistently dominant and offers a leadership role in front of the dog. This breed must not be allowed to take over the house. We tend to view our canine friends as humans and forget they think differently than we do. The dog really wants to please you, but you have to make it very clear what pleases you and what exactly it is you expect of him. That’s what a good pack leader does and he does not so it by yelling or with a demanding voice. Positive and consistent, yes. Demanding, no. This breed is capable if being friendly toward people in general, but he can turn aggressive if not handled in a leadership manner.

These dogs may bay or howl, also drool quite a lot. They must be kept on leach as they will chase any small animal such as a cat or squirrel.

If you happen to get a Black and Tan Coonhound with a separation anxiety problem, that can be dealt with by investing a few hours of work on your part and some "tough love."


Friendly Toward Other Dogs

Not always friendly with other dogs. May pick and choose his dog friends. Can even be aggressive with some dogs.

Friendly Toward Other Pets

Best if raised with other pets. Some may have trouble blending in with existing animals and others might get along okay. If you take the chance, introduce the Coonhound on common turf and gradually.

Friendly Toward Strangers

Reserved, wary of strangers as good watch dogs tend to be. Warms up quickly once the dog realizes there is no threat. He basically like people.


Moderately playful. A good game of fetch or Frisbee is great exercise. Enjoys a good romp with the kids.


Moderately affectionate for a big dog.

Good with children?

Good with older children 6 or 7 and up that are well-mannered and know how to treat a dog and understand how to be alpha-pack-leaders during play, yet kind and gentle. It is also possible for this dog to be too independent to satisfy a playful child. In other words, the dog may not be playful enough for kids’ interests.

Good with Seniors over 65?

No. Needs too much exercise and may not be affectionate enough. Not my first choice.

Living environment

House with a medium to large fenced yard, a farm or ranch. Needs room to roam and sniff and to play fetch in a secure area.

Energy level

Moderate energy. Rate this about 5 bars out of 10.


Exercise needs, daily

Pretty high. This is a good jogging partner. Or, two long walks daily on leash will satisfy the exercise needs. If there’s a chance to run loose in the fields, that’s better but remember, if this dog picks up a scent, or sees an animal, he will be off chasing after that animal to who knows where?


Good watchdog. Will alert to doorbells and anything happening outside. Also barks when he has an animal cornered or treed during the hunt.

Guard dog

Will guard his house and family. He’s not known for being a guard dog but tries.


Average shedding.


Brush the Coonhound occasionally. Use a medium bristle brush. Clean the ears from oils, dirt and wax regularly to prevent ear infections.



Suggested Reading—Black And Tan Coonhound

  • Book at far left—”How To Help Gun Dogs Train Themselves.” Excellent book. Click on the book cover and scroll down Amazon’s page about 10 inches to read “Editorial Reviews.”

  • 2nd book from the left—”Tracking Dog: Theory and Method” is another 5 star rated (excellent) book for the serious hunter with a serious dog like the Black and Tan Coonhound.

  • 3rd book from the left is “Gun Dog: Rapid Training.” This is another approach to training your gun dog A four-star rated hardcover book. Click on the cover photo above and see the owner reviews at the Amazon website.

  • Book at far right—”50 Games Tp Play With Your Dog” offers a collection of simple to teach and play activities to keep your Black and Tan Coonhound occupied and busy. It’s a fun book, especially if you have kids.

Black And Tan Breeders

In the event you decide to go looking for Black and Tan Coonhound puppies, be SURE to find reputable breeders that really know what they are doing. Be sure the puppy has been VERY well socialized and started in obedience training. Black And Tan Coonhound Breeders with puppies for sale.

Black And Tan Coonhound Rescue

In the event you are seriously considering the adoption of an older dog and are looking for a Black and Tan Coonhound Rescue group in your area, here is a link that might help:
Petfinder - Black and Tan Coonhound Rescue As I write this, Petfinder is showing 377 dogs available to adopt in the USA. That might be enough, but in case you want more selection, go online and search for Black and Tan Coonhound Rescue or Clubs or kennels. If you do find one to adopt, try to locate any dog health records and save for possible future reference.

Dog Health Issues For Black And Tan Coonhounds
Below: The dog illness / illnesses or medical problems listed for the Black And Tan’s by various vets.

This is basically a healthy breed. Don’t let the list below scare you! Your own dog will probably never have ANY of these problems. These are the dog illness and medical problems this breed is prone to that have been listed by various veterinarians at different times over the past decade or so and some pertain to puppies and very young dogs that a breeder would deal with.

The information contained herein has been gathered from numerous books by veterinarians and is intended as general information only. Every dog and situation is different. You must see your vet. Our information is for general interest only and not intended to replace the advice provided by your own veterinarian.

  • Hip dysplasia CHD- Hind end limping, hind/back leg acts lame, can't move, weak legs. Wear and time causes the femur to fit poorly into the pelvic socket with improper rotation causing the Black and Tan Coonhound great pain, weakness and difficulty walking. You may notice the dog “hopping”” like a rabbit when running plus hesitating to climb stairs, all due to pain in the hind quarters. The problem actually starts as a very young puppy with an abnormal formation of the hip joint and grows progressively. A vet can locate this with a diagnostics test.

  • Ectropion—A hereditary medical problem. The lower eyelid grows outward leaving a gap between the eye and the eyelid. Excessive tearing and conjunctivitis are common signs of the disease but some dogs will have no symptoms. Blunt trauma and/or nerve damage can also cause the problem. If the cornea becomes damaged or if the conjunctivitis becomes chronic, surgery will be necessary.

  • Otitis externa—Ear infections—Inflammation and infection of the outer ear, especially dogs with long, floppy ear flaps. Dirt and moisture collect and breed yeast and bacteria. Ear hair and wax contribute to the infection environment. If left untreated it can become a serious infection. If at home treatments with cleaning and meds don't work and the problem worsens, surgery might be the last resort.

  • Hypothyroidism—An underactive thyroid gland produces too little thyroid hormone which reduces the dog's metabolism level. Hypothyroidism stems from the dog’s immune system attacking the tissues of the thyroid gland. Bottom line is the dog becomes symptomatic. The cause can be a predisposition for thyroid problems, air pollution and allergies. A FEW symptoms of the disorder include lethargy, weight gain, skin infections, dry skin, hair loss, slow heart rate, ear infections, depression. See your set right away.

  • Gastric Torsion—Sometimes called Bloat or “Twisted stomach.” Mainly in larger, deep-cheated dogs. Here's a brief description of the problem.
    Symptoms include excessive drooling, nervous pacing, agitation, weakness, attempt to vomit, bulging stomach area, heavy breathing, retching and gagging, shock or total collapse.

  • Obesity - Black and Tan Coonhounds tend to gain weight easily. Watch the food bowl and treats and cut back or change diet if weight seems to be a problem.

  • Canine Hemophilia B—A blood clotting disease. Also known as the Christmas Disease. Caused by a shortage of a protein in the blood. Bleeding can occur spontaneously and painfully into joints and muscles. This must be treated immediately to prevent arthritis and permanent disability. Intravenous infusions of Factor IX are given to correct the problem

Other health problems could occur with your Black And Tan Coonhound. If you notice any problems with your dog, take it to the vet immediately. This website is for general information only and is not intended to, in any way, be a medical guide.


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