The Cardigan Welsh Corgi

descriptive textDog breed info
Cardigan Welsh Corgi
Weight: 34 — 38 lbs
Height: 10” — 13”
AKC Rank 2008 #80
Lifespan: 12—14 yrs
Group: Herding
Origin: Wales

Dog Breed Info - Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Breed Overview

Origin: Ancient times. Original function: Cattle drover. Today: Cattle drover.
Colors—All shades of red, sable, brindle, blue marble, black, both white w/o tan or brindle points.

The Cardigan was one of the earliest breeds to arrive in the British Isles. They were originally brought from Europe to Cardigangshire, Wales, some centuries ago. The breed may have had some influence by the early English turn-spit dog, a short legged, low bodied dog used to turn spits used for cooking. They might also have been used to guard and assist in the hunt in the British Isles. At the time, a farmers worth was determined by how much acreage he owned so his scattered was livestock all over and the Corgi’s had to round everyone up when the time came. They also had the job of keeping cattle on their own land and off greener pastures. With short legs and low bodies, they would bark, nip at the cattle and jump under them when they kicked. The Cardigan was ideal to gather the stock and protect it too. When fencing replaced the dogs, the farmers kept the dogs for protection and companions. The first Cardigans were shown around 1925. Until 1934, the Cardigan and Pembroke were considered one breed but that changed. The breeds were separated and the AKC registered the Cardigan Welsh Corgi in 1935. The Cardigan has never reached the popularity that the Pembroke has in the USA.


Yes, a trainable dog that loves to learn and please. You can use training as part of her daily exercise routine. Best training is the method of clicker training and positive reinforcement. It works wonders for all dogs and they respond amazingly well to it.

Crate Training

Want to crate train your Cardigan Welsh Corgi? It's easy and if you're interested, take a look and you'll see what to do. Crate training your puppy will save many headaches and problems.

Potty Training

Cardigan Welsh Corgi puppies are generally pretty easy to house train, potty train, toilet train, housebreak or whatever you want to call it. If you have a puppy, decide if you want to crate or paper potty train it. For the best results, we have a page at Crate vs Paper Potty Training which will help you decide and from there you can get all the information you need to get the job done. Always praise the pup profusely when she goes potty in the RIGHT PLACE so she knows she has done a good thing. Either method will work for this breed.

If you have an older dog, take the dog outside every two hours until she gets the idea which door leads to her potty area. Older dogs catch on to the potty or housebreaking pretty fast once they are shown what to do.



The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is built low to the ground but manages to do an excellent job of putting herds of cattle exactly where he wants them by nipping at their heels. This short, stumpy guy is agile and high-spirited and not easy to tire out. He can run and jump around all day. Yet, he’s a devoted, fun-loving and often amusing companion for his family. The breed is known for barking, is a very good watch dog and family protector. Some like to bark for fun. The Cardigan is not as sociable as the Pembroke and is wary of and reserved with strangers. They tend to dislike other dogs.

This high-spirited little dog is alert and smart. She needs to be with her family and gets upset when left alone, to the degree in some cases of separation anxiety which can be dealt with by using some of your time and patience. Once you re-train the pooch, all will be okay.

Friendly Toward Other Dogs

No, they can go to war with other dogs, but other Corgi’s are okay.

Friendly Toward Other Pets

Yes—They do well with house pets as a rule….. as long as they are not strange dogs. If your Cardigan Welsh Corgi grows up with the other dog, things should be all right.


Friendly Toward Strangers

Very reserved. Protective of family.


Moderate to quite playful for most Cardigan’s.


Quite affectionate for a herding breed.

Good with children?

Yes, older, well behaved kids that know how to behave around a dog. No tolerance for the usual nonsense small children dish out.

Good with Seniors over 65?

No. Needs too much exercise.

Living environment

House with fenced yard and doggie door. Needs indoor-outdoor time, or a farm setting.

If providing a fenced yard, make it medium sized, like around 20' x 40' so she can play fetch in the yard.

Energy level

Moderately high, considering her size.


Exercise needs, daily

Moderately high, considering the size of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. One or two good walks on leash or a vigorous play time is good and maybe a training session added for good measure should do it.


Excellent watchdog. She likes to bark anyway.

Guard dog

Good. She is always protective of family and property.


Yes, some.


Brush weekly to remove dead hair. She’ll appreciate the extra attention.



Suggested Reading - Cardigan Welsh Corgi
Click on the cover photos for more book information and reviews.

  • 2nd book from the left is an owners manual for Welsh Corgi's.

  • 3rd book from the left is "101 Dog Tricks" which is great mental stimulation for your Corgi. There are so many challenges for him to learn and keep him interested in this book. I was surprised at the variety.

  • The book at the far right is by the American National Red Cross and deals with Dog Heal, emergencies and injuries. It's a valuable reference manual for all dog owners. It's Vol 2 and comes with a DVD.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi Breeders

In the event you decide to go looking for Cardigan Welsh Corgi puppies, be SURE to find reputable breeders that really know what they are doing. Be sure the puppy has been well socialized and started in obedience training.
Cardigan Welsh Corgi Breeders with puppies for sale.

Dog Health Issues For Cardigan Welsh Corgi's
Below - Welsh Corgi dog illness. The illnesses or medical problems listed for the Cardigan Welsh Corgi by various vets.

Dog health is extremely important. This is basically a healthy breed. Don’t let the list below scare you! Your own dog will probably never have ANY of these problems. These are dog illness and medical problems this breed is prone to that have been listed by various veterinarians at different times over the past decade or so and some pertain to puppies and very young dogs that a breeder would deal with.

The information contained herein has been gathered from numerous books by veterinarians and is intended as general information only. Every dog and situation is different. You must see your vet. Our information is for general interest only and not intended to replace the advice provided by your own veterinarian.

  • Hip dysplasia - Hind end limping, back leg acts lame. Wear and time causes the femur to fit poorly into the pelvic socket with improper rotation causing great pain and difficulty walking for the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. You may notice the dog “hopping”” like a rabbit when running plus hesitating to climb stairs, all due to pain in the hind quarters. The problem actually starts as a very young puppy with an abnormal formation of the hip joint and grows progressively. A vet can locate this with a diagnostics test.

  • Glaucoma—Painful pressure builds in the eye causing total blindness.

  • Degenerative myelopathy—Is common to German Shepherds and Welsh Corgis. There is no cure for this chronic disease that destroys the sheathing around the dog’s lower spinal colu8mn. This forces a loss of sensation and the use of the hind legs. There are some treatments for this crippling problem, but no cure.

  • Lens luxation—Hereditary. Weak fibers holding the lens of the eye allow the lens to dislocate. The eye can not focus. This leads to painful, red eyes that tear a lot and can lead to Uveitis or Glaucoma if not treated right away. If detected early, surgery and medication might solve the problem.

  • Intervertebral disc disease—Biochemical changes in a young Cardigan Welsh Corgi can cause at least one diseased or mineralized disc in the spine of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. A disc that is not functioning properly will cause pain, problems walking, stumbling, severe neck pain and even paralysis. The Dachshund has an 80% chance of having this problem. Treatments can go from non-invasive doses of anti-inflammatory steroids, muscle relaxants and bed-rest to surgery. Pain meds are also given as needed. Mess with the spine and you have a serious situation and it’s tough on the dog!

  • Cutaneous asthenia—Hereditary, rare disease. Abnormally stretchy, fragile skin that tears, easily. Tearing comes easily such as the dog stretching. Little bleeding results and the torn areas heals with irregular scars resulting. Infrequently, lens luxation and loose joints may be found along with the white scaring. A skin biopsy is used for diagnosis. Your vet will advise what can be done, if anything, depending on the individual case.

  • Corneal ulceration—Caused by eye injury and common to dogs whose eyes are prominent. Corneal ulcers can easily become infected. Keep all dogs with prominent eyes like Pugs and Boston's away from dirty, polluted, dusty areas. Infections are very hard to treat.

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy—An inherited, untreatable disease of the retina affecting both eyes causing blindness. It’s in the genes of the dog and is not painful. Starts with night blindness and progresses as the retina gradually deteriorates.

  • Epilepsy- A serious seizure disorder that appears usually at around 2 to 4 or 5 years of age in the dog.

  • The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is prone to obesity. Be careful not to overfeed and to give plenty of exercise.

  • Urolithiasis—Excessive crystals (urinary stones or bladder or kidney stones) can form in the urinary tract or kidney, bladder or urethra, blocking the flow of urine in the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. The crystals or stones irritate the lining of the urinary tract. They cause blood in the urine and pain and in severe cases make urination impossible. Symptoms are frequent urination, urinating in odd places, blood in urine, dribbling, depression, weakness, straining, pain, vomiting and loss of appetite. Dogs can be treated by diet, medications and surgery, depending on the dog, severity and other circumstances of the individual case.

Other health problems could occur with your Cardigan Welsh Corgi. If you notice any problems with your dog, take it to the vet immediately. This website is for general information only and is not intended to, in any way, be a medical guide.


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