The Dachshund
"Sausage Dog" "Teckel"



descriptive textDog breed info
Dachshund "Doxie"
Weight: Miniature Under 11 lbs
Weight: Standard 16 — 32 lbs
Height, Miniature 5” — 6”
Height, Standard 8” — 9”
AKC Rank 2008 #7
Lifespan: 15—18 yrs
Group Hound
Origin Germany







NOTICE -- The DOG BOOK Isle is being revised and so far, 7 pages are now online for you.

Dog Breed Info -- The Dachshund



A very busy black Dachshud
racing across an open field.

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Breed Overview

The original function of the "Doxie" was to flush badgers and rabbits out for hunters. The dog is low enough to the ground to go into caves and other low places including holes and burrows.






With over 300 pages, the "Everything Dachshund" book covers just about everything for the "would-be" and present owners. From adopting the right one to caring for and training and understanding your Dachshund, this book has it all in breed-specific terms. The book is rated 4-1/2 stars with mostly excellent reviews by customers who bought the book.


Everything Dachshund Book: A Complete Guide To Raising, Training, And Caring For Your Dachshund




Trainability

Difficult. The breed is strong-willed and can be quite stubborn, set in his ways. PATIENCE and REPETITION will pay off. Stubborn dogs require time but do best with clicker training and positive reinforcement training. A clicker will only cost around $3 at your pet store and the method is very simple. Give this a try.

A rescued "Doxie" in a new pasture!
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Crate Training

Want to crate train your Doxie? It's easy and if you're interested, take a look and you'll see what to do. Crate training your puppy will save many headaches and problems.

Potty Training

Some Docie's and puppies can be difficult to house train, potty train, toilet train, housebreak or whatever you want to call it. If you have a puppy, decide if you want to crate or paper potty train it. For the best results, we have a page at Crate vs Paper Potty Training so you decide and from there you can get all the information you need to get the job done. Always praise the pup profusely when she goes potty in the RIGHT PLACE so she knows she has done a good thing. Either method will work for this breed.

If you have an older dog, take the dog outside every two hours until she gets the idea which door leads to her potty area. Older dogs catch on to the potty or housebreaking pretty fast once they are shown what to do.

Temperament

This breed is bold and curious. He likes to HUNT AND DIG. They track by scent. This dog is independent but wants to be part of family activities. The Dachshund may snap at strangers or at least be reserved. Some bark.

The long haired Dachies may be quieter and less “terrier like.” The wirehair version is more outgoing and noisy. Miniatures are more likely to be timid.

If you happen to get a Dachshund or any size with a separation anxiety problem, that can be dealt with by investing a few hours of work on your part and some "tough love."

Friendly Toward Other Dogs

Moderately so. We meet Dachs on the trails and they mix with other dogs around us.

Friendly Toward Other Pets

Varies. This could be a problem.

Friendly Toward Strangers

No, they have a hard time meeting strangers. Barking and backing off is what I’ve noticed most often. If the dog was socialized properly at a very young age, he gets on better in public.

Playfulness

Not overly playful. They are better companions than playmates. Dachshunds are fun-loving and quite energetic around family, but not really “playful” as such.

"Sausage And A Bone"
A Dachshund enjoys the unmistakable flavor of an old bone.

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Affection

This is a kind, gentle dog, loving, actually. They are a bit temperamental but loyal to family.

Good with children

The Dachshund is good with children in it’s own family but may snap at strange kids. Advise older kids only and no rough play, as the back and spine of the ‘Dachshund is easily damaged. A child falling across the back of the dog could inflict permanent, serious harm.

Good with Seniors over 65?

Yes, good choice for a senior, but watch that longevity! If you get a puppy that will live 18 years and you are 75 now, you’re asking for a problem.

Living environment

Apartment, farm, city life are all OK. Not terribly sensitive to hot and cold so air conditioning not necessary. It is ideal if you have a doggie door leading into a fenced yard. THIS IS NOT AN OUTDOOR DOG!

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Energy level

Pretty energetic little dog. “6 bars out of 10” (This breed has done a lot of hunting so has stamina.)

Exercise needs, daily

Exercise needs don’t match the energy level. The Dachshund can do with just normal play around the house or yard and maybe a moderate walk on leash each day.

Watchdog

Excellent! The Dachshund is very alert and quite a mouth! He’ll let you know loud and clear when something is not right!

Guard dog

No. He’s built too close to the floor to do any damage to an intruder.

Shedding

Yes. Short hair (smooth) and wire versions shed quite a lot.

Longhair, some shedding.

Grooming

Brush the smooth and wire coat versions 2 or 3 times a week to get out loose, dead hair out.

Longhair Dachshunds can be brushed every few days to prevent mats and tangles in the coat.


Dachshund with her rubber chicken.
No paws are touching the ground.

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Suggested Reading - The Dachshund

The book on the right is by the American National Red Cross and deals with dog emergencies, illnesses and injuries. It's a valuable reference manual for all dog owners. Vol 2, 2008, includes a DVD.

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Dachshund Breeders

In the event you decide to go looking for Dachshund puppies, be SURE to find reputable breeders that really know what they are doing. Be sure the puppy has been well socialized and started in obedience training.
Dachshund Breeders with puppies for sale.

Dachshund Rescue

In the event you are seriously considering the adoption of a Dachshund and are looking for a Dachshund rescue group or groups in your state, here are several links that might help:
Petfinder - Dog Rescue - (Nationwide) Before you adopt a dog, be sure to read the dog breed info above and always keep in mind dog health when getting a new pup.
Adopt A Pet This is an interesting site that may give you some ideas. It's worth checking out. There are Dachshund rescue groups by state online and don't forget your local pound and other kennels.









Dog Health Issues - The Dachshund
Below: The list of dog illness / illnesses or medical problems listed for the Dachshund by various vets.

This is basically a healthy breed. Don’t let the list below scare you! Your own dog will probably never have ANY of these problems. These are dog health and medical issues this breed is prone to that have been listed by various veterinarians at different times over the past decade or so and some pertain to puppies and very young dogs that a breeder would deal with.

The information contained herein has been gathered from numerous books by veterinarians and is intended as general information only. Every dog and situation is different. You must see your vet. Our information is for general interest only and not intended to replace the advice provided by your own veterinarian.

  • Intervertebral disc disease—Biochemical changes in a young dog of certain breeds can cause at least one diseased or mineralized disc in the spine of a dog. A disc that is not functioning properly will cause pain, problems walking, stumbling, severe neck pain and even paralysis. The Dachshund has an 80% chance of having this problem. Treatments can go from non-invasive doses of anti-inflammatory steroids, muscle relaxants and bed-rest to surgery. Pain meds are also given as needed. Mess with the spine and you have a serious situation and it’s tough on the dog!!

  • Pannus—A disorder of the cornea of the eye affecting certain breeds like the Dachshund in the 4 to 7 year range with an increase in dogs living at higher elevations. Not painful and treatable. If not treated for the remaining life of the dog, the cornea will slowly darken and scar causing visual impairment.

  • Entropion—Eye irritation caused by the eyelids and lashes rolling inward. The problem is usually inherited and found in young, adult dogs. It can come from an eyelid spasm. Affected eyes will be held partially shut and tear excessively. Both eyes will usually be affected the same. Treatment for the condition requires eye surgery.

  • Glaucoma - Painful pressure builds in the eye and eventually causes blindness.

  • Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca—(Keratitis) A fancy way of saying “dry eye.” Inadequate tear flow causes painful eye infections of a chronic nature. Causes vary from distemper to certain medications to removing the third eyelid tear gland.. Often treated with cyclosporine drops. or an ointment called cyclosporine topical therapy.

  • Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis—A problem of unknown origin that comes on suddenly with vomiting and diarrhea, both containing various amounts of blood. To diagnose, many other illnesses must first be eliminated through extensive blood, x-ray, urinalysis and other testing. The Dachshund will be extremely ill and without treatment will die. Once the diagnosis has been make, IV fluids are common. The IV fluids must begin immediately to prevent dehydration and then medication is added. Without the IV, the dog will die in spite of medication so get to your vet as soon as you think there might be a problem.

  • Malassezia dermatitis—A highly itchy skin infection, usually around the ears, muzzle, inner thighs, eyes or feet. The dog may become frantic, chewing and scratching the ears and feet. If an ear infection, there might be a waxy discharge and smelly odor. The dog will be rubbing and pawing at the ear. Look for Malassezia in the summer, humidity and allergy seasons. Your vet will treat this with appropriate medications and bathing after a diagnosis.

  • Distichiasis—An eye condition involving the cornea. Eyelashes, growing improperly on the inner surface of the eyelid cause corneal ulcers due to the constant rubbing and irritation. The problem is fixed by having the vet remove the lashes if the ulcers don’t heal.

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy—An inherited, untreatable disease of the retina affecting both eyes causing blindness. It’s in the genes of the dog and is not painful. Starts with night blindness and progresses as the retina gradually deteriorates.

  • Interdigital dermatitis - An infection occurs between the "toes" of the dog and sacs fill with pus which bothers the dog. She licks and bites at the bothersome infections and after a few days, they break open and drain, giving relief to the Dachshund. Al;l you will see is the dog limping around. Clean and cleanse the infected feet well, see a vet for medication to prevent returning infections and that should do it.

  • Urolithiasis—Excessive crystals (urinary stones or bladder or kidney stones) can form in the urinary tract or kidney, bladder or urethra, blocking the flow of urine. The crystals or stones irritate the lining of the urinary tract. They cause blood in the urine and pain and in severe cases make urination impossible for the Dachshund. Symptoms are frequent urination, urinating in odd places, blood in urine, dribbling, depression, weakness, straining, pain, vomiting and loss of appetite. Dogs can be treated by diet, medications and surgery, depending on the dog, severity and other circumstances of the individual case.

  • Mitral stenosis (Mitral valve insufficiency)—Hereditary heart problem in the Dachshund. A weak mitral valve allows blood to flow backwards and to simplify this, the net result is an enlarged heart and when the heart can no longer compensate, look for a loss of desire for exercise, trouble breathing, coughing at night and liquid in the lungs. As this progresses, the dog may collapse. There is no cure... but if you act quickly, the vet may be able to make the dog more comfortable with medication and diet.

  • Diabetes—The pancreas manufactures the hormone INSULIN. If the pancreas stops making, or makes less than the normal amount of insulin, or if the tissues in the body become resistant to the insulin, the result is called “diabetes.” The dog can NOT control her blood sugar without injections of insulin on a regular basis, but given the insulin, the Dachshund can live a normal life like a human can. If the dog does not receive the insulin injections at the same time each day of her life, the dog will go into a coma and she will die. Some causes of diabetes may be chronic pancreatitis, heredity, obesity or old age, but no one is sure. Symptoms are excess drinking and urination, dehydration, weight loss, increased appetite, weight gain, and cataracts may develop suddenly. Treatment is in the form of the insulin injections daily and a strict diet low in carbohydrates and sugars. Home cooking may be suggested in some cases. Frequent trips to the vet for blood monitoring will be needed but diabetes is not a death sentence.

  • Pancreatitis—A life-threatening disease commonly affecting middle age and older dogs. The pancreas produces enzymes that help process food. With the disease, the pancreas begins digesting it’s own tissue. Vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite and abdominal pain follow in most cases. Some dogs will die from lack of response to treatments. PREVENT the disease by not allowing the dog to become obese, and not giving high-fat foods to the dog Info thanks to vetcentric.com.

  • Cutaneous asthenia—Hereditary, rare disease. Abnormally stretchy, fragile skin that tears, easily. Tearing comes easily such as the dog stretching. Little bleeding results and the torn areas heals with irregular scars resulting. Infrequently, lens luxation and loose joints may be found along with the white scaring. A skin biopsy is used for diagnosis. Your vet will advise what can be done, if anything, depending on the individual case.

  • Epilepsy - A serious seizure disorder that usually appears at around 2 to 4 or 5 years of age in the dog.

  • Patellar luxation—Limping, Hind Leg Held Up, Can’t straighten back leg. Caused by an unusually shallow spot on the femur, weak ligaments and misalignment of tendons and muscles that align the knee joint and allow the knee cap (patella) to float sideways in and out of position. This can be caused by injury or be present at birth and can affect both rear legs. It’s most common in small and toy dogs. If your dog has trouble straightening the leg, is limping, has lameness, or is walking on three legs and holding one hind leg up, look for patellar luxation. Several of my dogs have had the problem and all I’ve done is reach down, massage the knee a little until they drop their leg, and we’re good to go for another 3 or 4 months. Severe cases require surgery for a fully lame leg.

  • Gastric Torsion—Sometimes called Bloat or “Twisted stomach.” Mainly in larger, deep-cheated dogs. Here's a brief description of the problem.
    Symptoms include excessive drooling, nervous pacing, agitation, weakness, attempt to vomit, bulging stomach area, heavy breathing, retching and gagging, shock or total collapse.

  • Cushing’s disease—Too much glucocorticoid is produced by the adrenal or pituitary glands at which time symptoms occur such as hair loss, increased drinking and urination, increased appetite and enlarged abdomen. The disease progresses slowly and the Dachshund can be sick 1 to 6 years without anyone noticing any symptoms. Some dogs may have just one symptom, usually hair loss and owners often contribute the dog's condition to “old age.”. This is not a young dog’s illness. There are several treatments available including surgery which might save the dog’s life depending on the existence of cancerous tumors.

  • Chonodrodysplasiia—A hereditary, genetic growth deficiency with shortening, bowing of the legs, a myriad of eye problems, skin problems, abnormal skulls and trachea, hearing loss, patellar luxation, and even abnormalities with the heart, liver and kidneys in some cases. Some dogs have one or two of these problems, others have many. Some corrective orthopedic surgery may be performed by the time the dog is 1 year old. This affects the Corgis, Havanese, Dachshunds, and Basset Hounds mostly.

  • Anal sac adenocarcinoma—A malignant tumor in the tissue of the anal sac sometimes found in the Dachshund and a few other breeds. Very aggressive in nature. Small tumors of this cancer are located by rectal exams by the vet. If not treated, these tumors will metastasize to lymph nodes and spread quickly to other organs. If this develops into hypercalcaemia, you’ll see increased thirst, urination, loss of appetite, weight loss, vomiting and a slow heart rate and “scooting.”. The larger the tumor, the poorer the prognosis. See your vet immediately upon suspecting any kind of problem.

  • Patent ductus arteriosis—Canine congenital heart failure. Before birth, blood from the heart passes the lungs by a small vessel called the ductus arteriosis. That small vessel is supposes to vanish after birth and the infant breathes on it’s own With this disease, the vessel does not go away resulting in improper circulation of blood.

  • Seborrhea—Hereditary. Skin disease. Itching and scratching. Usually dry, flaky coat with the familiar “dog” odor. Sebaceous glands will produce a waxy, oily substance in the armpits, in the ears, under the dog and around the elbow joints. Secondary ear and skin infections are common too. There are many, many causes and IF the vet can identify one and treat it, you’re lucky. It’s a tough disorder to pinpoint. Springer and Cocker Spaniels, Westies, Dachshunds and Retrievers are among the most susceptible.

  • Sick sinus syndrome—A disturbance in the rhythm of the heart. Common visible symptoms are weakness and fainting. Treatment can be by medicine but that is often only temporary. More likely will be a pacemaker if the condition is chronic and severe. Implanted pacemaker prognosis is good. This procedure is not inexpensive. Common to Miniature Schnauzers, Boxers, Pugs, Cocker Spaniels, Dachshunds and Pomeranian's.

  • Deafness—Can be hereditary or caused by: Excessive loud noise, intolerance to anesthesia, drug toxicity, and Otitis (middle ear infection), In some cases, one ear can have no hearing from birth and the other ear can be losing the ability to hear over time, undetected, then suddenly one morning the hearing is totally gone. There is no reversing once that happens.

  • Mast Cell Tumors—Mast cells are found throughout the body and help maintain the dog’s normal immune response, health and body functions. The tumors in question are CANCEROUS and spread through the body. There is no known cause for mast cell cancer and no cure, other than surgery for early-detected, low degree tumors that haven't spread too far. The best formula is to keep the dog as healthy as possible and be aware of any signs of tumors or poor health. Whether the Dachshund survives a mast cell tumor or not depends on how advanced and fast moving the malignant tumor is.

  • The Dachshund is especially prone to broken backs, spinal and disc problems due to the dog's length. You must be careful not to injure the back or allow things to fall on the back of a Dachshund as severe spinal damage can be a death sentence.

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Other problems could occur in your Dachshund. If you notice any problems with your pet, take it to the vet immediately. This website is for general information only and is not intended to, in any way, be a medical guide


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