The Manchester Terrier
'Black And Tan Terrier'

descriptive textDog breed info
Manchester Terrier
Weight: Std 12 — 22 lbs
Weight: Toy 10 — 12 lbs
Height:Std 15” — 16”
Height Toy 10” —12 ”
AKC Rank 2008 #105
Lifespan: 15—16 yrs
Group: Terrier
Origin: England

Dog Breed Info - Manchester Terrier

Breed Overview

Origin 1500’s. Original function: Ratting, rabbit hunting. Today, Earthdog trials. Companion

The “Black and Tan” was one of the most popular of all Terriers in early England. This dog was known to be an excellent as a ratter. A sport of the working class in England's towns centered around rat killing with Black and Tan’s as well as dog racing with Whippet’s. In time, a man named John Hulme of Manchester, England, crossed the Black and Tan with the Whippet. The idea was to come up with a breed that could excel in racing and rat-killing. A resulting dog named Billy entered the rat-killing ring and was reported to have killed over 100 rats in 6 minutes during a contest. The name of Manchester Terrier came from the name of the town where the cross breeding took place. The name did not take hold though, and the breed remained the “Black and Tan Terrier” until 1923. The Manchester comes in two sizes—toy and standard. Today, both are considered companion dogs although the standard can still be used for ratting. By 1959, the Manchester was classified as one breed with two varieties which makes it even more confusing.


The Manchester can be a little stubborn but is intelligent and will learn everything you want to teach. Be patient. Use clicker training. Positive reinforcement with the CLICKER always works best, especially with difficult, head-strong, independent dogs. This breed must know YOU are the top dog and YOU give the orders so be firm but not harsh when training. He can learn everything from obedience to agility.

Crate Training
Want to crate train your Manchester Terrier? Here's a link if you're interested in crate training your puppy or dog.

Potty Training

Most Manchester Terriers are pretty easy to house train, potty train, toilet train, housebreak or whatever you want to call it. If you have a puppy, decide if you want to crate or paper potty train it. For the best results, we have a page at Crate vs Paper Potty Training which will help you decide and from there you can get all the information you need to get the job done. Always praise the pup profusely when she goes potty in the RIGHT PLACE so she knows she has done a good thing. Either method will work for this breed.

If you have an older dog, take the dog outside every two hours until she gets the idea which door leads to her potty area. Older dogs catch on to the potty or housebreaking pretty fast once they are shown what to do.



Manchester Terriers are an energetic, lively, intelligent and very independent breed. They are quite sensitive and responsive, more so than most terriers. The Manchester needs to be trained and managed by an alpha-type owner who can keep the dog under control and subordinated. This breed needs to be heavily socialized and trained at a very early age, starting around 4 or 5 weeks by the breeder. That done, she will grow up to be a wonderful, loyal, calm and loving house pet and companion. This dog is very alert and is a great watchdog. Manchester's do well with older, mature children that have been taught how to behave around a dog, as they don’t tolerate a lot of silly nonsense and rambunctious play.

The Manchester is a breed that needs to be in the middle of his family and all family activities. He thrives on human companionship as well as direction in the form of approval;, and is protective of that relationship even though he's not considered a guard dog. He must never get the idea he is “top dog.” The Manchester is a relatively affectionate dog that loves to curl up at your feet for a snooze...Or go for a quiet walk with you, just as long as he’s with his master. He must always be kept on leash, as he will run off if he spots a squirrel, rabbit or mouse.

The most important thing is that the Manchester MUST be heavily socialized as a puppy and be raised around kids and other dogs.

The Manchester Terrier is prone to separation anxiety. Be sure you tire him out and leave plenty to do and chew on before you leave him alone.


Friendly Toward Other Dogs

Will pick and choose his dog friends. Can be aggressive toward some dogs while friendly with others. All dogs are different but this breed can be aggressive with strange dogs depending on how they were raised and socialized as puppies.

Friendly Toward Other Pets

No. Manchester Terrier's are wary of cats and other dogs. If he grows up with other pets (excluding small non canine animals) it should be okay. If trying to introduce an adult Manchester to a house full of pets, there may be a problem so at least take it real slow and do it on common ground if possible.

Friendly Toward Strangers

No. Wary, even aggressive toward strangers. Once the stranger has been accepted by the dog’s master, things are okay. But as long as the person is “strange” the dog will put up a fuss.


Yes. Very playful. The Manchester Terrier loves to play, romp, run, and roll in the grass.


Yes, Very affectionate. Needs to be with his family, needs human companionship, needs closeness and human interaction.

Good with children?

Yes, good with older kids, 6 or 7 and up, especially if raised with children. The kids need to be taught how to behave around a dog and should be well-mannered so they treat the dog with respect.

Good with Seniors over 65?

Yes. The Manchester Terrier is an excellent choice for seniors. He’s affectionate, needs LOTS of attention and companionship, loves to play, is easy to take care of and is basically a healthy dog so that sounds like the perfect senior pet. The senior would have time to give the little guy a great life.

Living environment

Apartment, house, condo, farm, ranch all okay. The Manchester Terrier can not tolerate the heat and cold so needs to be indoors where the temperature is moderate.

Also, he needs a WARM SOFT bed (like the Greyhound and Whippet) because he has no padding over his ribs.

The Manchester does not need a yard, although a small one would be nice for him to sniff, explore and roam around in. He would like a doggie-door to go in and out during the day.


Energy level

Moderately high. Give him 8 bars out of 10. He’s lively, spunky and energetic.

Exercise needs, daily

Moderate. 1 or 2 quiet walks-on leash a day OR play fetch in the yard with the standard size dog and that should do it. Nothing extraordinary.


Excellent watchdog. He’s very alert.

Guard dog

No. Can be snippy, but not enough to drive off intruders.


Toy—Very little to almost none.

Standard—Some shedding.


Brush or towel weekly.

Standard—Brush every other day when shedding to remove dead hair.



Suggested Reading - Manchester Terrier
Click on the cover photos for more book information and some have reviews.

  • At left, Owners Guide - Limited quantities available.

  • 2nd book from left is "50 Games To Play With Your Dog." This is a fun book with lots of great ideas for simple, easy to teach and play games to keep your Manchester busy and interested.

  • 3rd book from the left is "101 Dog Tricks" that, as the name implies, is a vast selection of interesting things to challenge a dog's brain and keep him thinking. This is another "fun" book like the one next to it.

  • The book on the far right is by the American National Red Cross and deals with dog health, emergencies and injuries. It;s a valuable reference manual for all dog owners. This is Vol 2, 2008 and includes a DVD.

Manchester Terrier Breeders

In the event you decide to go looking for Manchester Terrier puppies, be SURE to find reputable breeders that really know what they are doing. Be sure the puppy has been well socialized and started in obedience training. This site lists Manchester Terrier Breeders worldwide and might have something for you:
Manchester Terrier Breeders with puppies for sale.

Check online for Manchester Terrier Breeders (also puppies) as there may be some other breeders out there.

Manchester Terrier Rescue

In the event you are seriously considering the adoption of an older dog and are looking for a Manchester Terrier Rescue group or groups in your state, here are several links that might help:
Petfinder - Manchester Terrier Rescue As this is being written, Petfinder is showing 168 of this breed available for adoption. That's an indication this dog is in short supply, even though that number can vary. If you do adopt one, try to locate any dog health records that may exist for possible future reference.
Adopt A Pet This is an interesting site but you will probably want to surf the web for Manchester Terrier Rescue groups and kennels. or shelters.

Dog Health Issues For The Manchester Terrier
Below are the dog illness / illnesses or medical problems listed for the Manchester Terrier by various vets.

This is basically a healthy breed. Don’t let the list below scare you! Your own dog will probably never have ANY of these problems. These are dog illness and medical problems this breed is prone to that have been listed by various veterinarians at different times over the past decade or so and some pertain to puppies and very young dogs that a breeder would deal with.

The information contained herein has been gathered from numerous books by veterinarians and is intended as general information only. Every dog and situation is different. You must see your vet. Our information is for general interest only and not intended to replace the advice provided by your own veterinarian.

  • Cardiomyopathy—Disease of the heart muscle causing the heart to enlarge and not function properly. Cause is unknown. Older dogs, 4 to 10 years are usually affected. The prognosis is generally about 6 months to 2 years for a Manchester Terrier with this form of heart failure and only a matter of weeks for some severe cases.

  • von Willebrand"s Disease—A deficiency in clotting factor in the blood. The affected dog does not properly utilize the blood-platelets for blood-clotting. Thus, the dog is prone to excessive bleeding if in an accident or surgery.

  • Hypothyroidism—An underactive thyroid gland produces too little thyroid hormone which reduces the Manchester Terrier's metabolism level. Hypothyroidism stems from the dog’s immune system attacking the tissues of the thyroid gland. Bottom line is the dog becomes symptomatic. The cause can be a predisposition for thyroid problems, air pollution and allergies. A FEW symptoms of the disorder include lethargy, weight gain, skin infections, dry skin, hair loss, slow heart rate, ear infections, depression. See your set right away.

  • Patellar luxation—Limping, Hind Leg Held Up, Can’t straighten back leg. Caused by an unusually shallow spot on the femur, weak ligaments and misalignment of tendons and muscles that align the knee joint and allow the knee cap (patella) to float sideways in and out of position in the Manchester Terrier. This can be caused by injury or be present at birth and can affect either rear leg. It’s most common in small and toy dogs. If your dog has trouble straightening the leg, is limping, lame, or is walking on three legs and holding one hind leg up, look for patellar luxation. Several of my dogs have had the problem and all I’ve done is reach down, massage the knee a little until they drop their leg, and we’re good to go for another 3 or 4 months. Severe cases require surgery for a fully lame leg.

  • Glaucoma - Painful pressure builds in the eye and eventually causes total blindness unless treated very early on.

  • Legg-Perthes—A disease of the hip joint in young dogs. It is a deforming of the head of the femur head where it fits into the pelvic socket and is generally noticed at around 6 to 8 months age. The disease affects small and toy breeds and can range from mildly debilitating to totally debilitating. It’s very painful and the dog will have a lame leg at the affected hip. Pain can become severe in some dogs and the dog will go from occasional limping to continuous carrying of the leg. Severe muscle atrophy can set in with the appearance of shortening of the affected leg. Restricted joint movement is also a common sign Legg-Perthes. Surgery will usually restore a dog to a fairly normal life but prevention at the breeding stage is the right solution.

  • Deafness—Hereditary or caused by: Excessive loud noise, Intolerance to anesthesia, drug toxicity, and Otitis (middle ear infection), In some cases, one ear can have no hearing from birth and the other ear can be losing the ability to hear over time, undetected, then suddenly one morning the hearing is totally gone. There is no reversing once that happens.

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy—(PRA) An inherited, untreatable disease of the retina affecting both eyes causing blindness. It’s in the genes of the dog and is not painful. Starts with night blindness and progresses as the retina gradually deteriorates.

  • Cataracts - Hazy or cloudy vision and will cause total blindness if not treated.

  • Cutaneous asthenia—Hereditary, rare disease. Abnormally stretchy, fragile skin that tears, easily. Tearing comes easily such as the Manchester Terrier stretching. Little bleeding results and the torn areas heals with irregular scars resulting. Infrequently, lens luxation and loose joints may be found along with the white scaring. A skin biopsy is used for diagnosis. Your vet will advise what can be done, if anything, depending on the individual case.

Other health problems could occur with your Manchester Terrier. If you notice any problems with your dog, take it to the vet immediately. This website is for general information only and is not intended to, in any way, be a medical guide.


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