The Pembroke Welsh Corgi

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Pembroke Welsh Corgi
Weight: 25 — 27 lbs
Height: 10” — 12”
AKC Rank 2008 #24
Lifespan: 11—13 yrs
Group: Herding.
Origin: Wales

Dog Breed Info - Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Welsh Corgi in the rich green grass
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Breed Overview

The breed goes back to the 1110’s Original function was cattle herding, same as today.

The Pembroke Corgi and Cardigan Corgi and the two breeds that are both Welsh but different in origin. The Pembroke is not only a working dog, but a pet and companion and is favored in England as well as here in the States.

The Corgi was an essential helper to the farmers of South Wales. Although these little dogs specialized in herding cattle, nipping at their heels and then ducking under their kicking hooves, they were also used in herding sheep and ponies. The breed was registered by the AKC in 1935.


Very trainable. Likes to please his master. Use a clicker. This dog does very well with clicker training and it's easy to use. Pick a clicker up at a pet store for around $3.

Crate Training

Want to crate train your Pembroke Welsh Corgi? It's easy and if you're interested, take a look and you'll see what to do. Crate training your puppy will save many headaches and problems.

Potty Training

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi puppy is known to be pretty easy to house train, potty train, toilet train, housebreak or whatever you want to call it. If you have a puppy, decide if you want to crate or paper potty train it. For the best results, we have a page at Crate vs Paper Potty Training which will help you decide and from there you can get all the information you need to get the job done. Always praise the pup profusely when she goes potty in the RIGHT PLACE so she knows she has done a good thing. Either method will work for this breed.

If you have an older dog, take the dog outside every two hours until she gets the idea which door leads to her potty area. Older dogs catch on to the potty or housebreaking pretty fast once they are shown what to do.


The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has a quick and active mind and body. They need daily physical and mental exercise. It is devoted and willing to please and will work hard to protect children and adults from perceived threats. It can be aggressive if not exercised properly.

The Corgi is friendly and a good companion. It is generally good with kids although it can nip at heels when playing. The dog sometimes barks a lot, mainly out of boredom.

This is an active dog that bonds close with family and is subject to separation anxiety when left alone for long periods. This can be dealt with easily enough but with some of your time and patience.

Sure the Cordi enjoys playing fetch!
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Friendly Toward Other Dogs

A bit reserved toward other dogs, but not nasty.

Friendly Toward Other Pets

Yes, gets along with household pets as a rule.

Friendly Toward Strangers

Yes. Bring on the relatives and neighbors.


Yes. Pembroke Welsh Corgi’s can be quite playful but some may nip or bite a little if play gets too rough.


Yes. Quite affectionate.

Good with children?

Depends on the individual dog. Some Pembroke Welsh Corgi's are great with older children, 7 to 8 and up but others tend to let their herding instincts take over and nip now and then.

Good with Seniors over 65?

Not really. Not my first choice. A senior should have a quiet, less energetic, more loving dog like the Whippet or Schnauzer.

Living environment

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is an active dog that needs space to run and exercise in. If you live near a park or open fields, an apartment, condo or townhouse would be fine.

Best suited for a home with a doggie door and a medium or big fenced yard suited for chasing balls and playing fetch.

Energy level

Moderate energy, give it 6 bars out of 10.

Exercise needs, daily

Moderate. A good walk on leash or a training session and play time with a little walk.


Excellent watchdog.

Guard dog

Good guard dog for his size.




Very little. Brush the Corgi out once a week to get rid of dead hair.


Suggested Reading - The Pembroke Welsh Corgi

The book on the right is by the American National Red Cross and deals with dog illness, emergencies and injuries. It's a valuable reference manual for all dog owners. Vol 2, 2008, includes a DVD.


Pembroke Corgi Breeders

In the event you decide to go looking for Alaskan Malamute puppies, be SURE to find reputable breeders that really know what they are doing. Be sure the puppy has been well socialized and started in obedience training.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Breeders with puppies for sale.

Pembroke Corgi Rescue

In the event you are seriously considering the adoption of a Welsh Corgi and are looking for a Pembroke Corgi rescue group or groups in your state, here are several links that might help:
Petfinder - Pembroke Corgi Rescue - (Nationwide) Make sure dog health is a priority for any dog you adopt and find out all you can about his past history of illness.
Adopt A Pet might come up with something. Surf the Net for Pembroke Corgi Rescue groups and check local kennels and dog pounds.

Dog Health Issues For The Pembroke Welsh Corgi
Below: The dog illness / illnesses or medical problems listed for the Pembroke Welsh Corgi by various vets.

This is basically a healthy breed. Don’t let the list below scare you! Your own dog will probably never have ANY of these problems. These are dog illness and medical issues this breed is prone to that have been listed by various veterinarians at different times over the past decade or so and some pertain to puppies and very young dogs that a breeder would deal with.

The information contained herein has been gathered from numerous books by veterinarians and is intended as general information only. Every dog and situation is different. You must see your vet. Our information is for general interest only and not intended to replace the advice provided by your own veterinarian.

  • Intervertebral disc disease—Biochemical changes in a young dog of certain breeds can cause at least one diseased or mineralized disc in the spine of a dog. A disc that is not functioning properly will cause major pain, problems walking, stumbling, severe neck pain and even paralysis. The Dachshund has an 80% chance of having this problem. Treatments can go from non-invasive doses of anti-inflammatory steroids, muscle relaxants and bed-rest to surgery. Pain meds are also given as needed. Mess with the spine and you have a serious situation and it’s tough on the dog!

  • Dermatomyositis—A hereditary inflammatory condition of skin and muscles in young Collies and Shetland Sheepdogs, as well as the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, German Shepherd Dog and Chow. Lesions can appear as early as 7 to 11 weeks of age.. Lesions are commonly seen on the face and around the eyes. If you see strange spots on your dog's face, get her to the vet to check it out.

  • Hip dysplasia - Hind end limping, back leg acting lame. Wear and time causes the femur to fit poorly into the pelvic socket with improper rotation causing great pain and difficulty walking for the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. You may notice the dog “hopping” like a rabbit when running plus hesitating to climb stairs, possibly lame in the back end, all due to pain in the hind quarters. The problem actually starts as a very young puppy with an abnormal formation of the hip joint and grows progressively. A vet can locate this with a diagnostics test.

  • Epilepsy - A serious seizure disorder. Tends to show up from 2 to 4 or 5 years of age.

  • Degenerative myelopathy—Is common to German Shepherds and Welsh Corgis. There is no cure for this chronic disease that destroys the sheathing around the dog’s lower spinal colu8mn. This forces a loss of sensation and the use of the hind legs. There are some treatments for this crippling problem, but no cure.

  • Cutaneous asthenia—Hereditary, rare disease. Abnormally stretchy, fragile skin that tears, easily. Tearing comes easily such as the Pembroke Welsh Corgi stretching. Little bleeding results and the torn areas heals with irregular scars resulting. Infrequently, lens luxation and loose joints may be found along with the white scaring. A skin biopsy is used for diagnosis. Your vet will advise what can be done, if anything, depending on the individual case.

  • Von Willebrand"s Disease—A deficiency in clotting a factor in the blood. The affected dog does not properly utilize the blood-platelets for blood-clotting. Thus, the dog is prone to excessive bleeding as if in an accident or surgery.

  • Glaucoma - Painful pressure builds in the eye and eventually leads to blindness.

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy—An inherited, untreatable disease of the retina affecting both eyes causing blindness. It’s in the genes of the dog and is not painful. Starts with night blindness and progresses as the retina gradually deteriorates.

  • Lens luxation—Hereditary. Eye problem. Weak fibers holding the lens of the eye allow the lens to dislocate. The eye can not focus. This leads to painful, red eyes that tear a lot and can lead to Uveitis or Glaucoma if not treated right away. If detected early, surgery and medication might solve the problem.

  • Chonodrodysplasiia—A hereditary, genetic growth deficiency with shortening, bowing of the legs, a myriad of eye problems, skin problems, abnormal skulls and trachea, hearing loss, patellar luxation, and even abnormalities with the heart, liver and kidneys in some cases. Some dogs have one or two of these problems, others have many. Some corrective orthopedic surgery may be performed by the time the dog is 1 year old. This affects the Corgis, Havanese, Dachshunds, and Basset Hounds mostly.

  • Urinary stones - A urinary tract disease caused by the formation of excessive amounts of crystals into “stones” or sometimes called urinary stones, urinary calculi, kidney stones or bladder stones. The stones, or stone, can land anywhere in the unitary tract, including the bladder, and block it, making it either difficult to urinate or impossible to do so for the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. At the least, they will irritate the tract lining and may allow blood and certainly pain…into the tract. This is serious and a vet must be seen immediately if you suspect the tract is blocked. Signs to look for: Frequent urination, often in unusual places, blood in urine, dribbling urine, straining, weakness, depression, no appetite, vomiting and pain. Cure comes from diet, exercise and sometimes surgery.

  • Cervical Vertebral Instability— A narrowing of the cervical vertebrae, also known as Wobblers Syndrome and found in large dogs linked to heredity and possibly nutrition. The dog will have trouble standing, as the rear legs will be affected first with lack of coordination. Then the front legs will weaken, spread a bit and the dog’s walk will be “wobbly.” The disease is noticed at about 3 to 5 years of age in the Pembroke Welsh Corgie. Treatment comes by medicine and as a last resort for severe cases, specialized surgery.

Other health problems could occur with your Pembroke Welsh Corgi. If you notice any problems with your dog, take it to the vet immediately. This website is for general information only and is not intended to, in any way, be a medical guide.


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