Dog breed info
Weight: 3 — 7 lbs
Height: 8” — 11”
AKC Rank 2008 #13
Lifespan: 12—15 yrs
Dog Breed Info - The Pomeranian
This breed comes from the Spitz family and it is not certain when the size was reduced from the original weight of some 30 pounds down to the 5 or 6 pounds today.
The breed probably started out around Pomerania, Germany. Queen Elizabeth took a liking to this breed and it caught on in popularity. Only when the breed was taken to England, was it dubbed the “Pomeranian." The Pom has continued to be bred down in size. An emphasis on coat has led to its “puff-ball” appearance. By 1900, the Pom's had been recognized by the AKC, and dogs were being shown in both England and America in various colors. This dog is active and must have plenty of things to do or it can get into trouble. This dog is curious about everything and will stick her nose where it shouldn’t be. Keep her busy.
Not easy to train. Pomeranian's are smart dogs but can be stubborn. Be patient and use CLICKER TRAINING and Positive Reinforcement. They are easy to use and dogs respond very well.
Want to crate train your Pomeranian? It's easy and if you're interested, take a look and you'll see what to do. Crate training your puppy will save many headaches and problems.
Some Pomeranian puppies can be a challenge to house train, potty train, toilet train, housebreak or whatever you want to call it. If you have a puppy, decide if you want to crate or paper potty train it. For the best results, we have a page at Crate vs Paper Potty Training which will help you decide and from there you can get all the information you need to get the job done. Always praise the pup profusely when she goes potty in the RIGHT PLACE so she knows she has done a good thing. Either method will work for this breed.
If you have an older dog, take the dog outside every two hours until she gets the idea which door leads to her potty area. Older dogs catch on to the potty or housebreaking pretty fast once they are shown what to do.
Who says the Pomeranian can't jump?
Pom’s are cute, busy little creatures, always involved in something. It is playful, curious and self-confident. He's always ready for play or walks. The dog is reserved toward most strangers. Some can be aggressive toward other dogs. Some bark a lot. The Pomeranian is always active. Separation anxiety can be an issue with this dog.
The Pomeranian needs to be heavily socialized and trained starting at a very young age, such as 4 or 5 weeks. If not, it will be nippy, scrappy and very difficult to manage. Some will bite for no apparent reason. You MUST maintain your position as the ALPHA leader with your Pom Pom and never let this dog get the idea it is "top dog" in the family chain.
If you happen to get a Pomeranian with a separation anxiety problem, that can be dealt with by investing a few hours of work on your part and some "tough love."
Friendly Toward Other Dogs
No, doesn't want other dogs around. Wants her own space.
Friendly Toward Other Pets
The Pomeranian will get along with other household pets especially if introduced on common ground. (It’s best if the Pomeranian grows up with the other pets already in the house.) Take it easy and you may succeed.
Friendly Toward Strangers
No. Leave the relatives at home.
Quite playful. Bouncy little dog, lots of fun with people he knows.
A little affectionate. Too busy running around to be much of a lap dog.
Good With Children?
Not for toddlers or young kids. This dog is too fragile and small, and won’t tolerate “kid stuff.”Older children are fine. Say, 6 or 7 and up.
Good with Seniors over 65?
Excellent pet for a senior. Light enough to pick up and not much exercise required. The Pomeranian should be more affectionate, but it certainly would keep the senior busy with a brush and comb! Check with Pomeranian rescue for an older dog is longevity is an issue.
House in the suburbs. A yard not necessary. Must be kept warm and out of the cold in winter.
It can not be an outdoor dog.
Very energetic little ball of fur!
Exercise needs, daily
Oddly, little exercise is needed. Some play time, a romp around the house, maybe a short walk and that’s all it needs.
Excellent. Big bark from a little mouth!
No. Just too small to be intimidating.
Needs brushing twice a week, and more often when shedding.
Suggested Reading For The Pomeranian
Click on the cover photo for more book information and reviews.
3rd book from the left - "Play With Your Dog" teaches not only what games to play but HOW, when and where to play with your dog.
The book on the right is by the American National Red Cross and deals with dog emergencies, illnesses and injuries. It's a valuable reference manual for all dog owners and should be kept close at hand.
In the event you decide to go looking for Pomeranian puppies, be SURE to find reputable breeders that really know what they are doing. Be sure the puppy has been well socialized and started in obedience training.
Pomeranian Breeders with puppies for sale.
In the event you are seriously considering the adoption of a Pomeranian and are looking for a Pomeranian rescue group or groups in your state, here are several links that might help:
Petfinder - Pomeranian Rescue Groups/Foster. If you adopt one, try to find the dog health records for possible future use.
Adopt A Pet This is an interesting site that may give you some ideas. More possibilities by surfing Pomeranian Rescue online and check with local dog kennels and pounds.
Dog Health Issues For The Pomeranian
Below: The dog illness / illnesses or medical problems listed for the breed by various vets.
This is basically a healthy breed. Don’t let the list below scare you! Your own dog will probably never have ANY of these problems. These are dog illness and medical problems this breed is prone to that have been listed by various veterinarians at different times over the past decade or so and some pertain to puppies and very young dogs that a breeder would deal with.
The information contained herein has been gathered from numerous books by veterinarians and is intended as general information only. Every dog and situation is different. You must see your vet. Our information is for general interest only and not intended to replace the advice provided by your own veterinarian.
- Hypothyroidism—An underactive thyroid gland produces too little thyroid hormone which reduces the dog's metabolism level. Hypothyroidism stems from the dog’s immune system attacking the tissues of the thyroid gland. Bottom line is the dog becomes symptomatic. The cause can be a predisposition for thyroid problems, air pollution and allergies. A FEW symptoms of the disorder include lethargy, weight gain, skin infections, dry skin, hair loss, slow heart rate, ear infections, depression. See your set right away.
- Patellar luxation—Limping, Rear leg lameness, Hind Leg Held Up, Can’t straighten back leg. Caused by an unusually shallow spot on the femur, weak ligaments and misalignment of tendons and muscles that align the knee joint and allow the knee cap (patella) to float sideways in and out of position in the Pomeranian. This can be caused by injury or be present at birth and can affect either rear leg. It’s most common in small and toy dogs. If your dog has trouble straightening the hind leg, is limping, lame, or is walking on three legs and holding one hind leg up, look for patellar luxation. Several of my dogs have had the problem and all I’ve done is reach down, massage the knee a little until they drop their leg, and we’re good to go for another 3 or 4 months. Severe cases require surgery for a fully lame leg.
- Open fontanel—Hereditary. The Skull bones don’t close completely at birth leaving an opening on top of the skull. This condition is often associated with hydrocephalus which is too much liquid around the brain causing pressure and swelling. Increased pressure can prevent brain tissue development and there will always be a “soft spot” on the skull.
- Hypoglycemia—The brain must have sugar to function, but has little space to “store” the glucose/sugar hormone. Small dogs and Toy breeds as well as puppies and are especially prone to hypoglycemia because they are already small and have no space to store glucose so any dip in the level is a big problem. Abnormally low blood glucose, or sugar, causes lethargy, weakness, lack of coordination, SEIZURES, loss of nerve control and the dog may even become unconscious in severe occurrences. The solution is small and frequent meals each day and a few treats tossed in.
- Shoulder luxation—Dislocated shoulder joint. Very painful and the dog can not walk on the affected leg. It can be fixed.
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy—An inherited, untreatable disease of the retina affecting both eyes causing blindness. It’s in the genes of the dog and is not painful. Starts with night blindness and progresses as the retina gradually deteriorates.
- Entropion—Eye irritation caused by the eyelids and lashes rolling inward. The problem is usually inherited and found in young, adult dogs. It can come from an eyelid spasm. Affected eyes will be held partially shut and tear excessively. Both eyes will usually be affected the same. Treatment for the condition requires eye surgery.
- Sick sinus syndrome—A disturbance in the rhythm of the heart. Common visible symptoms are weakness and fainting. Treatment can be by medicine but that is often only temporary. More likely will be a pacemaker if the condition is chronic and severe. Implanted pacemaker prognosis is good. This procedure is not inexpensive. Common to Miniature Schnauzers, Boxers, Pugs, Cocker Spaniels, Dachshunds and Pomeranian's.
- The Pomeranian is also prone to elbow dysplasia (dislocated elbows) and a disease that causes an abnormal heart rhythm. Your vet is the hot tip for either of these conditions.
- Tracheal collapse—The tracheal (air pipe) rings, made of cartilage, can become weak and “collapse” as a dog ages, reducing the air supply to the lungs by failing to keep the trachea open wide. This is most likely to be a problem during excitement or exercise when more asir is need in the lungs. This only affects small dogs, and particularly obese small dogs. Treatment depends on the severity and ranges from diet to medicine to surgery.
- Cataracts - Hazy or cloudy vision and if not treated can cause total blindness.
- Patent ductus arteriosis—Canine congenital heart failure. Before birth, blood from the heart passes the lungs by a small vessel called the ductus arteriosis. That small vessel is supposes to vanish after birth and the infant breathes on it’s own With this disease, the vessel does not go away resulting in improper circulation of blood.
Other health problems could occur with your dog. If you notice any problems with your pet, take it to the dog immediately. This website is for general information only and is not intended to, in any way, be a medical guide.
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