The Standard Poodle

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Standard Poodle
weight: 45 — 65 lbs
Height: 15” — 21”
AKC Rank 2008 #9
Life Span: 14—16 yrs
Group Non Sporting
Origin France or Germany

Dog Breed Info - Standard Poodle

A Very Big Poodle Kiss
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Breed Overview

The Poodle was a favorite of the French aristocracy and became the national dog of France. It’s characteristic “hair-do” was noted and became the standard. The Poodle population in America waned, so that in the late 1920’s, Poodles had almost died out in America. During the 1930’s, the breed staged a comeback that eventually placed it as the all time most popular dog in America.

All Poodles need a LOT of interaction with people. They also need considerable mental and physical exercise.

The original function of the Standard Poodle was that of a water retriever. Today, it serves as a companion dog.

Standard Poodle Profile
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Very trainable. This is an intelligent breed. Use clicker training for excellent results. Positive reinforcement helps too. Pick up a clicker for around $3 at a pet store. It's a very simple process.

Crate Training

Want to crate train your Standard Poodle puppy? It's easy and if you're interested, take a look and you'll see what to do. Crate training your puppy will save many headaches and problems.

Potty Training

Standard Poodle puppies are pretty easy to house train, potty train, toilet train, housebreak or whatever you want to call it. If you have a puppy, decide if you want to crate or paper potty train it. For the best results, we have a page at Crate vs Paper Potty Training which will help you decide and from there you can get all the information you need to get the job done. Always praise the pup profusely when she goes potty in the RIGHT PLACE so she knows she has done a good thing. Either method will work for this breed.

If you have an older dog, take the dog outside every two hours until she gets the idea which door leads to her potty area. Older dogs catch on to the potty or housebreaking pretty fast once they are shown what to do.


The Standard Poodle is obedient and always eager for fun, adventure and excitement, especially with it's family. This dog loves to run, explore, hunt and swim. She'll even make a good jogging partner. This dog gets along well with most people.

If you happen to get a Standard Poodle a with separation anxiety problem, that can be dealt with by investing a few hours of work on your part and some "tough love."

A groomed Standard Poodle standing
against a beautiful light blue and purple sky.

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Friendly Toward Other Dogs

Picks his dog friends. He likes some, not most others. The Standard Poodle is not aggressive, but he likes his own space. With dogs,. He can take a few and leave many.

Friendly Toward Other Pets

The poodle can acclimate and adjust to being around other pets, but it may take some time. I have known of some cat-Poodle-bird relationships that went along just fine.

Friendly Toward Strangers

Standard Poodles love people. (Some can be reserved with people they don't know.) They need to be around people all the time. (They don’t do well if left alone too much, so take heed if you are a two person working family.)


Quite playful. Loves to roll around, fetch a ball and enjoy life. He, like his smaller brothers, like to have fun.


Fairly affectionate. I’ve known more affectionate dogs, but this one does pretty well. I’d give the Standard Poodle 6 bars out of 10 for affection.

Good with children

Yes... but keep toddlers at bay. Toddlers and large Poodles don't mix well, as the dog can easily overwhelm and injure the toddler.

Teach children how to act around a dog. The Standard Poodle can tolerate quite a bit, but young kids can be downright horrible to a dog so watch them closely and train them well before getting the dog.

Good with Seniors over 65?

Good for a senior, BUT, the Standard Poodle could weigh 65 pounds. As long as the senior can take walks and drive a car to the vet, the Poodle could become a best friend.

Having a doggie door and a fenced yard to play in is a plus. If the senior can walk the dog twice a day, fine. This is a great companion dog, plenty of love and cuddle time suits the Poodle. It would enjoy the brushing and affection time a senior would be able to give it.

Living environment

Apartment, farm, city loving all OK.

This Poodle might appreciate a large fenced yard to play in and fetch a ball for exercise but it's not mandatory.

Tan Standard Poodle sleeping
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Energy level


Exercise needs, daily

Two long walks, play time with a ball and a nap in the sun keep this guy happy.


Excellent watchdog. Will bark if a snake grabs a gopher in the back yard.

Guard dog

Good guard dog. They won’t kill the intruder, but they can give him a scare.




Yes, heavy. See professional groomer every 6 to 8 weeks if you are using a standard “dog” cut and every 4 weeks of using a standards “Poodle” cut. (You do NOT need to keep that show-dog look. Most people around here just get a regular “dog” cut.

Brush the Poodle every day to prevent mats and tangled fur, which is curly anyway.



Suggested Reading For The Standard Poodle

The book on the right is by the American National Red Cross and deals with dog emergencies, illnesses and injuries. It's a valuable reference manual for all dog owners.


Standard Poodle Breeders

In the event you decide to go looking for Standard Poodle puppies, be SURE to find reputable breeders that really know what they are doing. Be sure the puppy has been well socialized and started in obedience training.
Standard Poodle Breeders with puppies for sale.

Standard Poodle Rescue

In the event you are seriously considering the adoption of a Standard Poodle and are looking for a rescue group or groups in your state, here are several links that might help:
Petfinder - Dog Rescue - (Nationwide) When adopting, try to find out what dog health problems might have occurred in the past.
Adopt A Pet This is an interesting site that may give you some ideas. There are Standard Poodle Rescue sites online too, as well as your local kennels.

Dog Health Issues For The Standard Poodle
Below: The dog illness / illnesses or medical problems listed for the Standard Poodle by various vets.

This is basically a healthy breed. Don’t let the list below scare you! Your own dog will probably never have ANY of these problems. These are dog illness and medical issues this breed is prone to that have been listed by various veterinarians at different times over the past decade or so and some pertain to puppies and very young dogs that a breeder would deal with.

The information contained herein has been gathered from numerous books by veterinarians and is intended as general information only. Every dog and situation is different. You must see your vet. Our information is for general interest only and not intended to replace the advice provided by your own veterinarian.

  • Sebaceous adenitis—Mostly a cosmetic disorder, affecting appearance and not the dog’s health. Sebaceous glands help prevent dry skin and they become inflamed and die off. Some breeds have dry, scaly skin and patches of hair loss on top of the head, neck and back of the Samoyed, Std. Poodle and Akita. Severely affected dogs have areas of thick skin and extensive hair loss with a musty or rancid odor plus secondary skin infections. In short-coated breeds like the Vizsla, there is a moth-eaten look about the dog’s coat with some scaling to the trunk, head and ears. Treatments include an anti-seborrheic shampoo and fatty-acid dietetic supplements as well as a special topical spray and certain oral supplements. Recovery is very slow.

  • Hypothyroidism—An underactive thyroid gland produces too little thyroid hormone which reduces the dog's metabolism level. Hypothyroidism stems from the dog’s immune system attacking the tissues of the thyroid gland. Bottom line is the dog becomes symptomatic. The cause can be a predisposition for thyroid problems, air pollution and allergies. A FEW symptoms of the disorder include lethargy, weight gain, skin infections, dry skin, hair loss, slow heart rate, ear infections, depression. See your set right away.

  • Gastric Torsion—Sometimes called Dog Bloat or “Twisted stomach.” Mainly in larger, deep-cheated dogs. Here's a brief description of the problem:
    Symptoms include excessive drooling, nervous pacing, agitation, weakness, attempt to vomit, bulging stomach area, heavy breathing, retching and gagging, shock or total collapse.

  • Addison’s disease—Inability to produce several important hormones. The solution for this is to give the dog with Addison’s disease replacement supplements. As long as the dog gets the replacement supplements every day, she can live a healthy, long life.

  • Distichiasis—An eye condition involving the cornea. Eyelashes, growing improperly on the inner surface of the eyelid cause corneal ulcers due to the constant rubbing and irritation. The problem is fixed by having the vet remove the lashes if the ulcers don’t heal.

  • Entropion—Eye irritation caused by the eyelids and lashes rolling inward. The problem is usually inherited and found in young, adult dogs. It can come from an eyelid spasm. Affected eyes will be held partially shut and tear excessively. Both eyes will usually be affected the same. Treatment for the condition requires eye surgery.

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy—An inherited, untreatable disease of the retina affecting either/both eyes and causing blindness. It’s in the genes of the dog and is not painful. Starts with night blindness and progresses as the retina gradually deteriorates.

  • Cataracts—hazy or cloudy vision as in humans and will cause blindness if not treated.

  • Glaucoma - Pressure builds in the eyes and eventually causes total blindness.

  • Cushing’s disease—(Hyperadrenocorticism) Too much glucocorticoid is produced by the adrenal or pituitary glands at which time symptoms occur such as hair loss, increased drinking and urination, increased appetite and enlarged abdomen. The disease progresses slowly and the dog can be sick 1 to 6 years without anyone noticing any symptoms. Some dogs may have just one symptom, usually hair loss and owners often contribute the Standard Poodle's condition to “old age.”. This is not a young dog’s illness. There are several treatments available including surgery which might save the dog’s life depending on the existence of cancerous tumors.

  • Hip dysplasia - Hind end limping, back leg acts lame. Wear and time causes the femur to fit poorly into the pelvic socket with improper rotation causing great pain and difficulty walking. You may notice your Standard Poodle “hopping”” like a rabbit when running plus hesitating to climb stairs, all due to pain in the hind quarters. The problem actually starts as a very young puppy with an abnormal formation of the hip joint and grows progressively. A vet can locate this with a diagnostics test.

  • Epilepsy—Seizures seen in dogs age 2 to 5 years old.

  • Diabetes—The pancreas manufactures the hormone INSULIN. If the pancreas stops making, or makes less than the normal amount of insulin, or if the tissues in the body become resistant to the insulin, the result is called “diabetes.” The Standard Poodle can NOT control her blood sugar without injections of insulin on a regular basis, but given the insulin, the dog can live a normal life like a human can. If the dog does not receive the insulin injections at the same time each day of her life, the dog will go into a coma and she will die. Some causes of diabetes may be chronic pancreatitis, heredity, obesity or old age, but no one is sure. Symptoms are excess drinking and urination, dehydration, weight loss, increased appetite, weight gain, and cataracts may develop suddenly. Treatment is in the form of the insulin injections daily and a strict diet low in carbohydrates and sugars. Home cooking may be suggested in some cases. Frequent trips to the vet for blood monitoring will be needed but diabetes is not a death sentence.

  • Cataracts Hazy or cloudy vision and if not treated can cause total blindness.

  • Patent ductus arteriosis—Canine congenital heart failure. Before birth, blood from the heart passes the lungs by a small vessel called the ductus arteriosis. That small vessel is supposes to vanish after birth and the infant breathes on it’s own With this disease, the vessel does not go away resulting in improper circulation of blood.

  • Mitral stenosis (Mitral valve insufficiency)—Hereditary heart problem. A weak mitral valve allows blood to flow backwards and to simplify this, the net result is an enlarged heart and when the heart can no longer compensate, look for a loss of desire for exercise, trouble breathing, coughing at night and liquid in the lungs. As this progresses, the dog may collapse. There is no cure... but if you act quickly, the vet may be able to make the dog more comfortable with medication and diet.

  • Degenerative myelopathy—Is common to German Shepherds, Standard Poodles and Welsh Corgis. There is no cure for this chronic disease that destroys the sheathing around the dog’s lower spinal colu8mn. This forces a loss of sensation and the use of the hind legs. There are some treatments for this crippling problem, but no cure.

  • Intervertebral disc disease—Biochemical changes in a young dog of certain breeds can cause at least one diseased or mineralized disc in the spine of a dog. A disc that is not functioning properly will cause pain, problems walking, stumbling, severe neck pain and even paralysis. The Dachshund has an 80% chance of having this problem. Treatments can go from non-invasive doses of anti-inflammatory steroids, muscle relaxants and bed-rest to surgery. Pain meds are also given as needed. Mess with the spine and you have a serious situation and it’s tough on the dog!

  • Von Willebrand"s Disease—A deficiency in clotting factor in the blood. The affected dog does not properly utilize the blood-platelets for blood-clotting. Thus, the dog is prone to excessive bleeding if in an accident or surgery.

  • Urolithiasis—Excessive crystals (urinary stones or bladder or kidney stones) can form in the urinary tract or kidney, bladder or urethra, blocking the flow of urine. The crystals or stones irritate the lining of the urinary tract in the Standard Poodle. They cause blood in the urine and pain and in severe cases make urination impossible. Symptoms are frequent urination, urinating in odd places, blood in urine, dribbling, depression, weakness, straining, pain, vomiting and loss of appetite. Dogs can be treated by diet, medications and surgery, depending on the dog, severity and other circumstances of the individual case.

  • Insulinoma - Cancerous tumor of the pancreas that secretes excessive amounts of insulin. The dog feels lightheaded and faint due to a lack of sugar in the system. The dog becomes hypoglycemic. Diagnosis is made by blood glucose testing so get to your vet.

  • Malassezia dermatitis—A highly itchy skin infection, usually around the ears, muzzle, inner thighs, eyes or feet. The Standard Poodle may become frantic, chewing and scratching the ears and feet. If an ear infection, there might be a waxy discharge and smelly odor. The dog will be rubbing and pawing at the ear. Look for Malassezia in the summer, humidity and allergy seasons. Your vet will treat this with appropriate medications and bathing after a diagnosis.

  • Deafness—Hereditary or caused by: Excessive loud noise, Intolerance to anesthesia, drug toxicity, and Otitis (middle ear infection), In some cases, one ear can have no hearing from birth and the other ear can be losing the ability to hear over time, undetected, then suddenly one morning the hearing is totally gone. There is no reversing once that happens.

Other health problems could occur with your Standard Poodle. If you notice any problems with your dog, take it to the vet immediately. This website is for general information only and is not intended to, in any way, be a medical guide.


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