The Weimaraner
'Weims' 'Vorstehhund'

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"Weims" "Vorstehhund"
Weight: 55 — 90 lbs
Height: 23” — 27”
AKC Rank 2008 #31
Lifespan: 10—13 yrs
Group Sporting
Origin: Germany

Dog Breed Info - The Weimaraner

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Breed Overview

Origin 1800’s. There's not much documented on the early history for this breed. It does come from the gun dog family. Original function Large game, trailing. Today, pointing and family pet.

The Weimaranar was bred to produce the ultimate gundog that could hunt and track game of all sizes including dear and bear. Some of the breeds’ forbearer's included the Bloodhound, Red Schweisshund, and early pointing breeds.

It was only when an American gained was allowed to take two dogs back to America. That was 1929. AKC registration came in 1943. The breed has become a semi-popular house dog and pet, currently ranking #30 in the USA. The breed still serves as a gundog for many outdoors men.


Yes. Intelligent and very trainable. The breed has a reputation for being trainable. They MUST be socialized and obedience trained as a puppy and the training should continue for a long time to insure he will become a friendly family pet.This breed, as with most, responds very well to clicker training and positive reinforcement. It's easy to do and is a natural approach that dogs love. It's recommended.

Crate Training

Want to crate train your Weim puppy? It's easy and if you're interested, take a look and you'll see what to do. Crate training your puppy will save many headaches and problems.

Potty Training

A Weimaraner puppy is usually pretty easy to house train, potty train, toilet train, housebreak or whatever you want to call it. If you have a puppy, decide if you want to crate or paper potty train it. For the best results, we have a page at Crate vs Paper Potty Training which will help you decide and from there you can get all the information you need to get the job done. Always praise the pup profusely when she goes potty in the RIGHT PLACE so she knows she has done a good thing. Either method will work for this breed.

If you have an older dog, take the dog outside every two hours until she gets the idea which door leads to her potty area. Older dogs catch on to the potty or housebreaking pretty fast once they are shown what to do.

Two Weimaraners are better than one!
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This is a bold and rambunctious guy! (Sometimes to much for small children.) It loves to run and hunt and can become frustrated and destructive if kept penned up. The Weimaraner must be raised with small pets and kids. It can be stubborn. This is a good family dog and not one to be left alone for too long at a time. The dog can suffer from separation anxiety but this can be dealt with if you give a little time and patience to the problem.

He functions best with a very active owner who enjoys outdoor activities and is a fun-loving companion. This dog needs real alpha leadership, a pack-leader type handler who is consistent, firm but kind.

Friendly Toward Other Dogs

No, not very. The Weimaraner is wary of dogs, people and pets.

Friendly Toward Other Pets

Maybe. If this dog is with the other pets as a puppy and grows up with them, okay. But, to bring a 3 or 4 year old Weimaraner into the house could be a problem.

Friendly Toward Strangers

No, they pick and choose. If their owner is with them, maybe.


Yes, very playful. Play ball, fetch sticks, whatever. Just keep him running.

3 month old Weimaraner puppy
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Somewhat, especially with his own family.

Good with children?

Sometimes. Yes if the puppy grows up with children and is well trained.

Good with Seniors over 65?

No. Way too active.

Living environment

Farm or house with big fenced yard, not in the city. Needs indoor, outdoor life, as wants plenty of human (family) contact.


A young Weimaraner "just hanin' out."
descriptive textEnergy level

Extremely high. Hard to tire this dog out.

Exercise needs, daily

Very high. Needs to walk, jog and play. The Weimaraner is an excellent jogging partner.


Very good. The Weimaraner is protective of his property.

Guard dog

Yes, pretty good. Not exactly a Rottweiler, but pretty good.




Brush once a week to remove dead hair. She’ll appreciate the extra attention.



Suggested Reading For The Weimaraner
Click on the cover photos for more book information and reviews.

The book on the right is by the American National Red Cross and deals with dog emergencies, illnesses and injuries. It's a valuable reference manual for every dog owner and should be kept handy for those unexpected events.


Weimaraner Breeders

In the event you decide to go looking for Weimaraner puppies, be SURE to find reputable breeders that really know what they are doing. Be sure the puppy has been well socialized and started in obedience training.
Weimaraner Breeders with puppies for sale.

Weimaraner Rescue

In the event you are seriously considering the adoption of a mature dog and are looking for a Weimaraner Rescue group or groups in your state, here are several links that might help:
Petfinder - Weimaraner Rescue - (Nationwide) Of you adopt, try to get copies of the dog health reports for possible future use.
Adopt A Pet This is a fairly popular breed but you may want to check online or locally in your rescue kennels or SPCA.

Dog Health Issues For The Weimaraner
Below: The dog illness / illnesses or medical problems listed for the "Weim" by various vets.

This is basically a healthy breed. Don’t let the list below scare you! Your own dog will probably never have ANY of these problems. These are dog illness and medical problems this breed is prone to that have been listed by various veterinarians at different times over the past decade or so and some pertain to puppies and very young dogs that a breeder would deal with.

The information contained herein has been gathered from numerous books by veterinarians and is intended as general information only. Every dog and situation is different. You must see your vet. Our information is for general interest only and not intended to replace the advice provided by your own veterinarian.

  • Hip dysplasia - Hind end limping, hind quarters, back leg acts lame. Wear and time causes the femur to fit poorly into the pelvic socket with improper rotation causing great pain, lameness and difficulty walking for the Weimaraner. You may notice the dog “hopping”” like a rabbit when running plus hesitating to climb stairs, all due to pain in the hind quarters. The problem actually starts as a very young puppy with an abnormal formation of the hip joint and grows progressively. A vet can locate this with a diagnostics test.

  • Gastric Torsion—Sometimes called Dog Bloat or “Twisted stomach.” Mainly in larger, deep-cheated dogs. Here's a brief description of the problem:
    Symptoms include excessive drooling, nervous pacing, agitation, weakness, attempt to vomit, bulging stomach area, heavy breathing, retching and gagging, shock or total collapse.

  • Mast Cell Tumors—Mast cells are found throughout the body and help maintain the dog’s normal immune response, health and body functions of the Weimaraner. Lipomas and tumors look much alike. A lipoma is benign so you have to be careful to distinguish the innocent "fatty tissue" lipomas from the highly dangerous mast cell tumors. The tumors in question are CANCEROUS and spread through the body. There is no known cause for mast cell cancer tumors and no cure, other than surgery for early-detected, low degree tumors that haven't spread too far. The best formula is to keep the dog as healthy as possible and be aware of any signs of tumors or poor health. Whether the dog survives or not depends on how advanced and fast moving the malignant tumor is.

  • Lick granuloma - (Acral)_A skin condition caused by the dog licking excessively on the same spot. Cause not certain, but possibly separation anxiety, boredom, allergy, and so on. The lesion is licked almost to the bone and can not heal. Anti-anxiety drugs have been tried. A cast over the lesion does not work because the dog starts a NEW location. Vets are now trying laser surgery for healing. Talk to you vet to learn if any new ideas have come up regarding stopping the licking itselfThe Weimaraner is prone to this so keep her busy and occupied.

  • Corneal ulceration—Caused by eye injury and common to dogs whose eyes are prominent. Corneal ulcers can easily become infected. Keep all dogs with prominent eyes like Pugs and Boston's away from dirty, polluted, dusty areas. Infections are very hard to treat.

  • Entropion—Eye irritation caused by the eyelids and lashes rolling inward. The problem is usually inherited and found in young, adult dogs. It can come from an eyelid spasm. Affected eyes will be held partially shut and tear excessively. Eye irritations can become painful. Both eyes will usually be affected the same. Treatment for the condition requires eye surgery.

  • Degenerative myelopathy—Is common to German Shepherds, Weimaraners and Welsh Corgis. There is no cure for this chronic disease that destroys the sheathing around the dog’s lower spinal column. This forces a loss of sensation and the loss of the use of the hind legs. There are some treatments for this crippling problem, but no cure.

  • Distichiasis—An eye condition involving the cornea. Eyelashes, growing improperly on the inner surface of the eyelid cause corneal ulcers due to the constant rubbing and irritation for the Weimaraner. The problem is fixed by having the vet remove the lashes if the ulcers don’t heal.

  • Von Willebrand"s Disease—A deficiency in clotting factor in the blood. The affected dog does not properly utilize the blood-platelets for blood-clotting. Thus, the dog is prone to excessive bleeding if in an accident or surgery.

  • Hemophilia B — A blood clotting disease. Clotting Factor IX deficiency in the blood. Also known as the Christmas Disease. Caused by a shortage of a protein in the blood. Bleeding can occur spontaneously and painfully into joints and muscles as well as severe bleeding from cuts. This must be treated immediately to prevent arthritis and permanent disability. Intravenous infusions of Factor IX is given to correct the problem.

  • Interdigital dermatitis - An infection occurs between the "toes" of the dog and sacs fill with pus which bothers the dog. The Weimaraner will lick and bite at the bothersome infections and after a few days, they break open and drain, giving relief to the dog. All you will see is the dog limping around. Clean and cleanse the infected feet well, see a vet for medication to prevent returning infections and that should do it.

  • Hypertrophic osteodystrophy—Orthopedic bone disease in large dogs like the Weimaraner, 2 to 6 months old. Very painful and possibly caused by poor nutrition. There will be pain and swelling in the affected legs. Look for lameness or a desire not to move at all, and loss of appetite plus a high fever may also occur. Medication, bed rest and a special diet are usually given. The disease can be fatal.

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy—An inherited, untreatable disease of the retina affecting both eyes causing total blindness. It’s in the genes of the dog and is not painful. Starts with night blindness and progresses as the retina gradually deteriorates.

  • Persistent right aortic arch—A constricted esophagus. Food won't go down and stomach gas can't come up. The dog is miserable and the problem is serious. See vet immediately.

  • Hypomyelination—Shaky Puppy Syndrome Inherited disease of the central nervous system causing puppies to shake. It’s called “Shaky Puppy Syndrome.” The defective gene causing the disease is recessive, requiring study of the parents and grandparents of the puppies affected. Affected pups tend to grow out of this tremors in a year or so. Weimaraners and Chow Chow’s are mostly affected.

  • This breed is prone to the cancer, melanoma.

  • Demodicosis—Demodectic mange—A skin disease known as “Red Mange.” Loss of hair, itching, reddening of skin and areas can become crusty. Sometimes cured with topical creams. May spread. Treatment is in the form of medications from your vet.

  • Tricuspid valve dysplasia—Hereditary. Malformation of the tricuspid valve in the heart allowing a backflow of blood, or “tricuspid regurgitation. Narrowing of the valve is also possible. The heart is working inefficiently. The dog may have cold limbs, no tolerance for exercise and a distended abdomen as the liver enlarges and may collapse. In severe cases, the dog may develop right-sided heart failure. Mainly a problem for the breeder.

Other health issues could occur with your Weimaraner. If you notice any problems with your dog, take it to the vet immediately. This website is for general information only and is not intended to, in any way, be a medical guide.


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