The Energetic Yorkie Terrier
"Yorkshire Terrier"



Descriptive Text Dog breed info
Yorkie Terrier
(Yorkie information)
Weight: 5 — 7 lbs
Height: 7” — 8”
AKC Rank 2008 #2
Life Span: 15—17 yrs
Group Toy
Origin England







descriptive text<---Meet Harry, a Yorkie who lives in Gibraltar and is much loved by his mom, Melanie.


Dog Breed Info - The Yorkie

Breed Overview

Origin: 1800's. Original function: Hunting small vermin, Today: Companion, lapdog. Colors: blue and tan.

The Yorkie terrier is a small creature. The ears stand erect. They have a long coat that must be groomed every day… that’s every day... because otherwise it gets terribly matted. If you have a Yorkie and let that hair grow out, you’ll live with a comb and brush in your hand. I had one, I know. They commonly come with a docked tail and eyes that say "I love you."

They are little, fast, and ferocious when it comes to catching mice and rats which was their original purpose. Yorkie terriers are alert, lively and spirited. However, the Yorkie is highly selective as to which dogs he'll make friends with.

Good all-purpose companion dog and house pet. Just don’t step on her!

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Trainability

Not easily trained. Headstrong and stubborn. The Yorkie Terrier is intelligent and confident. Yorkies fit in with most family situations very well and respond to
clicker training and positive reinforcement. It's simple, easy to do and dogs love the method. Try it. Pick up a clicker at a pet store.
It is very important that the Yorkie terrier be socialized properly as a puppy, something to check for when adopting.

Crate Training

Want to crate train your Yorkie Terrier? It's easy and if you're interested, take a look and you'll see what to do. Crate training your puppy will save many headaches and problems.

Potty Training

Some Yorkie Terriers and puppies are difficult to house train, potty train, toilet train, housebreak or whatever you want to call it. If you have a puppy, decide if you want to crate or paper potty train it. For the best results, we have a page at Crate vs Paper Potty Training which will help you decide and from there you can get all the information you need to get the job done. Always praise the pup profusely when she goes potty in the RIGHT PLACE so she knows she has done a good thing. Either method will work for this breed.

If you have an older dog, walk the dog outside every two hours until she gets the idea which door leads to her potty area. Older dogs catch on to the potty or housebreaking pretty fast once they are shown what to do.


A rescued Yorkie ready for his new home
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Temperament

The Yorkie Terrier is a pleasant, sweet, energetic and feisty little creature that requires an unusually high degree of socialization starting at around 4 or 5 weeks age. Due to it’s nature to “take over the house,” this dog needs a firm but kind hand to guide her through life. A Yorkie must be treated with respect, but also as an object at the bottom of the chain of command in the house! If the Yorkie ever gets the idea she is ALPHA (boss) there will be all sorts of trouble including but not limited to separation anxiety and a dozen other unwanted displays of doggie dominance.

Small dogs have a natural problem in that they often want to dominate the house and everyone in it. Small dogs must be heavily socialized starting very young and continued on. They need an owner and family that understands dogs and how to exert a firm but kind "pack leader" (alpha dog) dominance role over them. It is very important not to let the dog think he's "boss!"

If you get a Yorkie Terrier with a separation anxiety problem, that can be dealt with by investing a few hours of work on your part and some "tough love."

Friendly Toward Other Dogs

Not always friendly. Just sometimes.

Friendly Toward Other Pets

Not very friendly.

Friendly Toward Strangers

Gets along with some strangers, but can remain wary. Generally, No by my experience.

Playfulness

Fairly high. The Yorkie loves to play.

Affection

Low to somewhat affectionate.

Good with children

No, too small and frail for little children. Generally not tolerant of children's antics.

Good with Seniors over 65?

The Yorkie is well suited to Seniors. They have time to comb and brush the dog. A senior might not be able to walk the dog long distances each day or in bad weather which is fine. The Yorkie Terrier loves to play and fetch the ball, curl up on a lap and just "hang out" so that would keep a senior occupied. Checking with Yorkie rescue groups for an older dog may be a good idea. Yorkie adoption is wise since the dog has such a long life span and getting an older one is smart.


Living environment

Apartments, flats, farm, city condo — all OK.



Yorkie with personality
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Energy level

Moderate to high.

Exercise needs, daily

Surprisingly, the Yorkie Terrier does not require a great deal of exercise. Yorkies love walks, car rides and back yard play. They can stay in the house and play and are well suited to those who can not go outdoors.


Watchdog

Excellent -- She's a tiny little watchdog!

Guard dog

NOT a guard dog. The Yorkie Terrier bark is loud and crisp and they WILL BITE (or nip) strangers if not directed otherwise. However, due to their size, this dog is not intimidating!


Shedding

None to very little.

Grooming

Heavy grooming needs. Must be combed and brushed EVERY DAY Long hair in face can be pulled back over head and pinned or tied.


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Suggested Yorkie Terrier Reading

Please visit our recently added Dog Book and DVD Store.

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Yorkie Breeders

In the event you decide to go looking for Yorkie puppies, be SURE to find reputable breeders that really know what they are doing. Be sure the puppy has been well socialized and started in obedience training.
Yorkie Breeders with puppies for sale.

Yorkie Rescue / Adoption

Yorkie adoption is a good alternative to raising a puppy. The work of house training and agony of going through puppyhood is eliminated. You'll save a lot of time and money too. Give serious consideration to Yorkie adoption.

In the event you are seriously considering the adoption of a Yorkie and are looking for a Yorkie rescue group or groups in your state, here are several links that might help:
Petfinder - Dog Rescue -- Nationwide
At the time I am writing this, Petfinder is listing almost 900 Yorkie adoption possibilities for the USA. That figure will vary, but you're bound to find something.
Adopt A Pet This is an interesting site that may give you some ideas. It's worth checking out. For more adoptions, try surfing for Yorkie Terrier Rescue groups, pets, kennels, etc.

The kitty and the Yorkie
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Here's more good Yorkie information produced by someone who owns them and can speak from first-hand experience. Check this out:

All About Yorkie Terriers
The Most Complete Guide For Yorkie Terriers - Displaying our love for Yorkies we are confident that we can provide you with all the information you will need to be a successful owner!

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Dog Diseases/Health For The Yorkie Terrier
Below: A list of Yorkie Terrier dog illness or medical problems as documented by various vets over the past decade.

This is basically a healthy breed. Don’t let the list below scare you! Your own dog will probably never have ANY of these problems. These are medical issues this breed is prone to that have been listed by various veterinarians at different times over the past decade or so and some pertain to puppies and very young dogs that a breeder would deal with.

The information contained herein has been gathered from numerous books by veterinarians and is intended as general information only. Every dog and situation is different. You must see your vet. Our information is for general interest only and not intended to replace the advice provided by your own veterinarian.


Yorkie eye problems of various kinds are detailed below.
These are detailed below in this list...

Look for Progressive retinal atrophy, Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca, Lens luxation, Entropion, Cataracts. Get eye checkups!

  • Useful Yorkie information and a list of potential dog illness.

  • Yorkie Hind Leg Problem - Patellar luxation—Limping, Hind Leg Held Up, Can’t straighten back leg, walking, running on three legs. Caused by an unusually shallow spot on the femur, weak ligaments and misalignment of tendons and muscles that align the knee joint and allow the knee cap (patella) to float sideways in and out of position. This can be caused by injury or be present at birth and can affect either rear leg and may cause pain. It’s most common in small and toy dogs. If your dog has trouble straightening the leg, is limping, or is walking on three legs and holding one hind leg up, look for patellar luxation. Several of my dogs have had the problem and all I’ve done is reach down, massage the knee a little until they drop their leg, and we’re good to go for another 3 or 4 months. Severe cases require surgery for a fully lame leg.

  • Urolithiasis—Excessive crystals (urinary stones or bladder or kidney stones. Blood in urine) in the Yorkie Terrier can form in the urinary tract or kidney, bladder or urethra, blocking the flow of urine. The crystals, or stones, irritate the lining of the urinary tract. They cause blood in the urine and pain and in severe cases make urination impossible. Symptoms are frequent urination, urinating in odd places, blood in urine, dribbling, depression, weakness, straining, pain, vomiting and loss of appetite. Dogs can be treated by diet, medications and surgery, depending on the dog, severity and other circumstances of the individual case. A common cause of kidney, bladder or urinary stones is a urinary tract infection.

  • Elbow Dysplasia—This, as with hip dysplasia, is something the dog is born with. Wear and time in the front legs (elbow joints) cause lameness by the time the dog is roughly a year old. If you have a dog prone to this disease, have an early x-ray to see if surgery to the joints will stave off further damage to the joints. Typically, there has been no cure, but recently doctors have come up with some ideas. 1) Keep the weight of your dog down. 2) Use anti-inflammatory medication. 3) Look into injections of stem-cells to help regenerate bone-covering cartilage to cause the bones to line up properly again. (This is new research and some vets may not know about it so ask around.)

  • Hepatic Lipidosis A disease characterized by an accumulation of excessive amounts of fat, known as triglycerides, accumulates in the cells of the liver. The excess buildup of fat leads to liver failure and if not treated will cause death.

  • Patent ductus arteriosis—Canine congenital heart failure. Before birth, blood from the heart passes the lungs by a small vessel called the ductus arteriosis. That small vessel is supposes to vanish after birth and the infant breathes on it’s own With this disease, the vessel does not go away resulting in improper circulation of blood. This is rare in the Yorkie Terrier.

  • Portacaval shunt—Hereditary in origin, neurological and other serious problems are caused by a tiny embryonic blood vessel that exists within the liver before birth to disintegrate after birth allowing fluids to flow where they shouldn’t. Symptoms include central nervous system disorders and undersized, underweight puppies are also suspect. Medical and surgical remedies are in place. If a puppy survives surgery, there is a chance for it to live a good life.

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy—An inherited, untreatable disease of the retina affecting both eyes causing blindness. It’s in the genes of the dog and is not painful. Starts with night blindness and progresses as the retina gradually deteriorates.

  • Alopecia—Seasonal patchy hair loss mainly on the flanks of the dog. Cause not determined. Hair loss and tender skin will occur from November to March and in a few months, re-grow. With some dogs, the loss can become permanent with age. Your vet will treat the condition.

  • Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca—(Keratitis) A fancy way of saying “dry eye.” Inadequate tear flow causes painful eye infections of a chronic nature. Causes vary from distemper to certain medications to removing the third eyelid tear gland.. Often treated with cyclosporine drops. or an ointment called cyclosporine topical therapy.

  • Hydrocephalus—An excess of spinal fluid built up in the brain caused by an obstruction in the fluid pathway. Congenital Hydrocephalus is moist common and occurs shortly after birth. A number of things can cause it. Adult dogs can get it from tumors or infections in the brain. Some neurological signs are seizures, loss of coordination, unusual behavior, walking in circles, and blindness. Doctors have various tests to detect this disorder so don’t fool with it if you suspect something is wrong.

  • Cataracts - Hazy or cloudy vision which, if not treated, will lead to blindness.

  • Tracheal collapse—The tracheal (air pipe) rings, made of cartilage, can become weak and “collapse” as a dog ages, reducing the air supply to the lungs by failing to keep the trachea open wide. This is most likely to be a problem during excitement or exercise when more air is needed in the lungs. This only affects small dogs, and particularly small, obese dogs. Treatment depends on the severity and ranges from diet to medicine to surgery.

  • Lens luxation—Hereditary. Weak fibers holding the lens of the eye allow the lens to dislocate. The eye can not focus. This leads to painful, red eyes that tear a lot and can lead to Uveitis or Glaucoma if not treated right away. If detected early, surgery and medication might solve the problem.

  • Dermoid sinus—Hereditary—An infection and inflammation noticed at birth in the sinus, or tubes, running along the spine from the rear end to the neck. These are thick-walled tubes with skin cells, fiber tissue, hair and oils. When the sinus becomes infected with bacteria and inflamed, it can cause swelling and infection in the spinal cord which causes encephalitis and abscesses. Surgery is the remedy.

  • Yorkie Terrier Hip Problem - Legg-Perthes—A disease of the hip joint in young dogs. It is a deforming of the femur "head" where it fits into the pelvic socket and is generally noticed at around 6 to 8 months age. The disease affects small and toy breeds and can range from mildly debilitating to totally debilitating. It’s very painful and the dog will have a lame leg at the affected hip. Pain can become severe in some dogs and the dog will go from occasional limping to continuously carrying of the leg. Severe muscle atrophy can set in with the appearance of shortening of the affected leg. Restricted joint movement is also a common sign Legg-Perthes. Surgery will usually restore a dog to a fairly normal life but prevention at the breeding stage is the best solution.

  • Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis—A problem of unknown origin that comes on suddenly with vomiting and diarrhea, both containing various amounts of blood. To diagnose, many other illnesses must first be eliminated through extensive blood, x-ray, urinalysis and other testing. The dog will be extremely ill and without treatment will die. Once the diagnosis has been make, IV fluids are common. The IV fluids must begin immediately to prevent dehydration and then medication is added. Without the IV, the dog will die in spite of medication so get to your vet as soon as you think there might be a problem.

  • Entropion—Eye irritation caused by the eyelids and lashes rolling inward. The problem is usually inherited and found in young, adult dogs. It can come from an eyelid spasm. Affected eyes will be held partially shut and tear excessively. Both eyes will usually be affected the same. Treatment for the condition requires eye surgery.

  • Portacaval shunt—Hereditary in origin, neurological and other serious problems are caused by a tiny embryonic blood vessel that exists within the liver before birth to disintegrate after birth allowing fluids to flow where they shouldn’t. Symptoms include central nervous system disorders and undersized, underweight puppies are also suspect. Medical and surgical remedies are in place. If a puppy survives surgery, there is a chance for it to live a good life.

Other health problems could occur with your Yorkie Terrier. If you notice any problems with your dog, take it to the vet immediately. This website is for general information only and is not intended to, in any way, be a medical guide

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